I am writing a multiple-filed program right now, and apparently running only 'make' (as one would intuitively think needs to be done in most situations) for some reason causes my program to fail. I guess I can provide more detail of the problem, but the important thing is that it does run when using 'make clean'. So I was wondering if anyone knew the general rule of thumb for running 'make clean' instead of just 'make'
You run make clean in two situations - when you want to package up the source code (and therefore don't need/want the built objects) OR when you have some reason to believe that the built objects are bad.
In your case, you're using 'make clean' to fix a problem that is likely the result of a buggy Makefile. Something in there is not re-compiling when it should, and that's causing the output binary to be bad.
There are many reasons that could happen, depending on the complexity of your project, and how you've used make, but the gist of it is: you need to spend some time debugging your Makefile.
I agree with Michael Kohne's answer in general. I would add you need to read the installation docs to know what "make clean" actually does. There can be different levels of clean that you might need to use, such as "make realclean" and "make distclean." There are informal conventions for these, but nothing carved in stone.
I understand that this is your project, so it's your
makefile. My goal is to have
make always produce a correct build, if it is possible to produce one. If
make clean is necessary to recover from some condition, then in my opinion the
makefile is wrong, and should be corrected. If your dependencies have been calculated correctly, then a simple
make should recompile everything that needs to be recompiled.