I've been working with the XMLHttpRequest object in JavaScript recently, and I couldn't help but notice that the casing of this name makes no sense. Why is 'XML' all in caps while 'Http' is not? They're both acronyms!

Surely it'd make more sense for the name to be one of the following:

  • XmlHttpRequest (PascalCase, best practice for class names in JavaScript)
  • xmlHttpRequest (camelCase, also common though not for classes)
  • XMLHTTPRequest (caps-for-acronyms, rarely used in programming?)

I'm sure there must be some reason and I'd hate to think it's now set in stone just because no one questioned this at the time. Is there another naming convention that I'm unaware of?

  • 12
    Sidenote: Java has a very similar naming inconsistency: The HttpURLConnection. Jul 19, 2012 at 10:41
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    Sidenote #2: At least those are correctly spelled, unlike the HTTP_REFERER header...
    – OnoSendai
    Dec 5, 2013 at 21:27
  • 3
    I suspect this falls under the category of "Some developer made a mistake and now we can't correct it" but there is likely to be only one person in the world that knows the actual answer. Dec 17, 2014 at 10:51
  • 1
    Yet you don't wonder why it's got XML (or indeed HTTP) in the name in the first place?
    – OrangeDog
    Aug 29, 2017 at 15:50

2 Answers 2


Interestingly enough, Microsoft first called it IXMLHTTPRequest when it was first added to the MSXML library.

It was Mozilla that used the name XMLHttpRequest when it added the concept into Gecko, implementing the idea to mimic the MS interface. It has since become the defacto standard, tying all other implementations to Mozilla's decision.

You'd have to go spelunking in the Mozilla Bugzilla to see if you can find any reasoning for the caps change there, but I suspect that not much thought went into it and the lowercasing of the ttp part is accidental.

This is corroborated by the misspelling of the Microsoft interface in the nsIXMLHttpRequest interface definition (earliest revision in the Mozilla Mercurial repository):

Mozilla's XMLHttpRequest is modelled after Microsoft's IXMLHttpRequest object. The goal has been to make Mozilla's version match Microsoft's version as closely as possible, but there are bound to be some differences.

  • Ah I see, so it's intentional in so far as it's based on an earlier instance of the spelling. I still don't like it - but at least I can understand how it came to be. Thanks for an excellent answer.
    – Alec
    Jul 19, 2012 at 9:36
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    Note that while XML and URL are commonly all-caps, references to lowercase http are ubiquitous in HTML. So XMLHttpRequest may be viewed as camel casing of the combined identifiers.
    – hardmath
    Jul 19, 2012 at 12:50
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    If you go all the way back to the first revision in CVS: bonsai.mozilla.org/cvsblame.cgi?file=mozilla/content/base/… It's like that. The original author was Vidur Apparao, so maybe someone can track him down (he's CTO at Agari nowadays: agari.com/team/vidur-apparao ) and ask him. Unfortunately there's nothing in bugzilla about this, back in the Netscape days they weren't great about filing bugs to track work. Dec 17, 2014 at 2:26

Some naming guidelines make a distinction between "short" and "long" acronyms. For instance, the coding style guide for Microsoft's .Net runtime specifies that short acronyms should be in block caps while long acronyms should only have the first letter capitalized. Their threshold for a long acronym is 3 letters, so would favor "XmlHttpRequest", however it is not unreasonable to think some people may use a similar rule with 4 characters as the threshold.

I've looked at old copies of the mozilla.org style guide, and none seem to specify anything about acronyms, but it's possible that either an older Netscape guide did, or that the developer was applying a rule he'd picked up elsewhere.

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