Wikipedia's definition of software rot focuses on the performance of the software. This is a different usage than I am used to; I had thought of it much more in terms of the cleanliness and design of the code—in terms of the code's having all the standard quality characteristics: readability, maintainability, etc. Now, performance is likely to go down when the code becomes unreadable, because no one knows what is going on. But does the term software rot have special reference to performance? or am I right in thinking it refers to the cleanliness of the code? or is this perhaps a case of multiple senses of the term being in common usage—from the user's perspective, it has do with performance; but for the software craftsman, it has to do more specifically with how the code reads?

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    Wikipedia lists 3 causes, 2 of which are not related to performance, Unused code and Rarely updated code...
    – Izkata
    Commented Oct 12, 2012 at 18:09
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    "Software can deteriorate in "performance" over time and become what's commonly called "legacy" as it runs and accumulates errors; this is not generally considered software rot, though it may have some of the same consequences." I think it's clear that software rot doesn't relate to performance.
    – zzzzBov
    Commented Oct 12, 2012 at 18:10
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    The only redeaming feature in the entire wikipidia page the the tag warning that theres not references to relibale sources.
    – mattnz
    Commented Oct 13, 2012 at 10:13

7 Answers 7


The term is not performance related, at least not anywhere I have seen it used.

It is specifically about code that is not maintained well and becomes... dirty... rotten. It is about code whose design has not been updated as changes were made and is difficult to read and understand.

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    I've heard it used to refer to performance: e.g. "Windows rot", the feeling that you need to reformat and reinstall Windows every so often as it gets slower over time. Commented Oct 13, 2012 at 0:46
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    Yea ... but "software rot" and "windows rot" are different terms.
    – Stephen C
    Commented Oct 13, 2012 at 5:18
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    @Oded - the analogy is not with dirtiness. It is with the kind of rot that occurs in old buildings that leaves them structurally unsound.
    – Stephen C
    Commented Oct 13, 2012 at 5:21

Lets face it. "Software rot" is not a well-defined technical concept. It is more of a pejorative description of what happens when software is poorly maintained.

The Wikipedia page represents one view, but there are clearly alternative views. And you could say that the different views reflect the different priorities and concerns of the person holding the views:

  • Someone who is focussed on making software fast will be more inclined to look for evidence of "software rot" in performance.

  • Someone who is focussed on design / architecture (e.g. because they need to add new functionality or fix functionality bugs), will see "software rot" from that perspective.

And, it is not really useful to say whose perspective is more right. (It is kind of like arguing whether turquoise is more green or more blue.)

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    Since the OP's post was about wikipedia, I present: Turquoise (color)-- It's "green", but a "bluish shade" thereof. So I think your argument is sound :).
    – Ben Lee
    Commented Oct 15, 2012 at 20:38

I'd say that the term "software rot" refers generally to suitability for the task at hand. Software may become less suitable for its intended task due to layer upon layer of bug fixes, new features, and minor tweaks. Taken together, those can adversely affect both maintainability and performance. Also, the needs of the organization will likely change over time, and the software may be forced into roles that it was never really designed for. All these factors result in the software becoming less suitable to the organization's needs, and that can happen even with a concerted effort to maintain the software.


Wikipedia says that software rot and code rot are the same. I disagree.

Code rot is the gradual loss of readability and maintainability as more and more changes are made to the code.

Software rot is the gradual loss of performance as software is moved from one environment emulator to another. One example is all of the Data General PDP software running on emulators. Actually, it's the environment that's rotting, not the software.

  • +1. wikipedia equated software rot with code rot. We should edit that. There more software rot. One example is un-usable/difficult to use GUI. Out of date /wrong documentation contributes too.
    – Jayan
    Commented Oct 13, 2012 at 3:09

Software doesn't actually go bad, get stale, wear out or "rot" in the traditional sense.

If the environment in which software operates doesn't change, the software will essentially last forever. This is why I get so peeved when someone asks if some library is "dead" because the author hasn't made an update to it in the last 5 minutes (exaggerating only slightly for effect).

But the environment usually does change; operating systems are patched and updated, computers get replaced with more powerful ones, and new programs get installed (like the latest version of a client like Internet Explorer, device drivers or other libraries), on which the software may depend. So the software must be updated to take into account those changes.

There are software systems that have been running continuously and reliably for literally decades without being significantly updated or maintained. COBOL software running on mainframes that handle bank transactions come to mind (although they all had to be modified in 1999 to handle Y2K).

Wikipedia's emphasis on performance seems to be missing the point; many software applications actually get a performance boost when they get installed in a newer environment. The Wikipedia article actually seems more concerned with software bloat.

  • Software bloat—yes, good point. In my understanding of the term when I asked the question, software rot had to do with the fact that it continued to be modified by a group of developers whose standards for code cleanup and design were sub par.
    – Kazark
    Commented Oct 12, 2012 at 20:49

"Software rot" - is very vague term and can mean variety of thing to anyone, depending on how is your perception of the concept, as well as, what is your view angle.

Definition by Wikipedia on Software rot does not set a standard as it is also written by some individuals. I think this term has variety of meaning and needs to be broken down to the specific areas, where it is refereed.

  • Programmers may understand this as an un-maintainable code base with full of anti-patterns, no consistency in naming and coding style.
  • System admins may understand this as bad performance, full of memory leaks and hell. maintenance.
  • End-user may understand this as very complicated, non-intuitive, hard-to-work software.

I had always thought of software rot as a condition that occurs when you don't use software for a period of time. Somehow, the software morphs into a state where it is unbuildable. Then when you get it to a point where you can build it, it doesn't work with the inputs and outputs like it previously did. It's almost as if the code actually degraded in form even though it's stored digitally.

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    Because the environment (compiler, libraries, or whatever) changed? Wikipedia does discuss that.
    – Kazark
    Commented Oct 12, 2012 at 19:18

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