Trying to make most of the GAE Datastore entities concept, but some doubts drill my head.

Say I have the model:

class User(ndb.Model):
    email = ndb.StringProperty(indexed=True)
    password = ndb.StringProperty(indexed=False)
    first_name = ndb.StringProperty(indexed=False)
    last_name = ndb.StringProperty(indexed=False)
    created_at = ndb.DateTimeProperty(auto_now_add=True)

    def key(cls, email):
        return ndb.Key(User, email)

    def Add(cls, email, password, first_name, last_name):
        user = User(parent=cls.key(email),

class UserLogin(ndb.Model):
    time = ndb.DateTimeProperty(auto_now_add=True)

    def Record(cls, user_email):
        login = UserLogin(parent=User.key(user_email))

And I need to keep track of times of successful login operations. Each time user logs in, an UserLogin.Record() method will be executed. Now the question — do I make it right?



Ok, used the typed arguments, but then it raised this: Expected Key instance, got User(key=Key('User', 5418393301680128), created_at=datetime.datetime(2013, 6, 27, 10, 12, 25, 479928), email=u'al@mail.com', first_name=u'First', last_name=u'Last', password=u'password'). It's clear to understand, but I don't get why the docs are misleading? They implicitly propose to use:

# Set Employee as Address entity's parent directly...
address = Address(parent=employee)

But Model expects key. And what's worse the parent=user.key() swears that key() isn't callable. And I found out the user.key works.


After reading the example form the docs and trying to replicate it — I got type error: TypeError('Model constructor takes no positional arguments.'). This is the exacto code used:

user = User('al@mail.com', 'password', 'First', 'Last')

stamp = UserLogin(parent=user)

I understand that Model was given the wrong argument, BUT why it's in the docs?

1 Answer 1


Yes, this method of recording logins should work. I would think about whether you truly need to store login records in the database, though. The other way to do it is to write logins to your log, like this:

logging.info("User %s logged in" % user.email)

You need to use named arguments instead of positional arguments when initializing any Model subclass. Instead of this:

user = User('al@mail.com', 'password', 'First', 'Last')

just create your user like this:

user = User(email='al@mail.com', password='password', first_name='First', last_name='Last')

And it does seem like you uncovered an issue with the documentation regarding Address(parent=employee). Just use the key, I suppose. Good catch.

By the way, App Engine's official support forum is Stack Overflow, so it's better to post questions there.

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