I have some difficulty understanding the concept of "fixture". I know what a test suite is, a test case, a test run, but what exactly is a "fixture"? A parameterized test case?
It seems to me that the meaning or semantics of the term "fixture" can vary slightly by programming language or by testing framework? I think a phpunit fixture
"the code to set the world up in a known state and then return it to its original state when the test is complete. This known state is called the fixture of the test."
is slightly different from a "fitnesse fixture", where
"Fixtures are a bridge between the Wiki pages and the System Under Test (SUT), which is the actual system to test".
Is there an expert in software testing around here who can answer this question? References to other programming languages are welcome.