I was taught this expression and pattern way back in the day. Sure, the name comes from old pumps that needed to be filled with water before they could pump water, but who cares? We're talking about code here.

Some really good examples and an explanation of what the pattern accomplishes would be welcome. How is this pattern regarded today?

Priming can sometimes get a defective loop working but at the cost of DRY. So it may be a brief stop on the way to a better design. Is this considered an anti pattern? Are there alternatives?


1 Answer 1


This metaphor almost certainly refers to the practice of establishing the first conditional check in a while loop. If you don't do this, the loop won't work. It is a well-established pattern, and it hasn't changed since the while loop was invented. The requirement for setting the initial condition in a while loop is not a defect.

int i = 0; // prime the pump
while (i < 10)
    Console.Write("While statement ");
    i++; // set condition again

The primer can be a read statement, or whatever properly sets the initial condition. Setting the initial condition using a read statement is called a "Priming Read."

string line;

using (StreamReader file = new StreamReader("c:\\test.txt"))
    line = file.ReadLine(); // Priming read.
    while(line != null)
        Console.WriteLine (line);
        line = file.ReadLine(); // Subsequent reads.   

In C#, the two Readline() calls can be combined into a single statement within the conditional:

while ((line = r.ReadLine()) != null)
    Console.WriteLine (line);
  • 1
    Nice. There are times when you need to do A and B in order with a test T exactly between them. The usual A T(B A) priming pattern does this but duplicates A. Any general alternatives to this general pattern? Apr 19, 2016 at 18:25
  • 2
    See the last bit of code in my answer. Apr 19, 2016 at 18:25
  • That one's a classic. Would you ever suggest using a break? Apr 19, 2016 at 18:27
  • I'm not opposed to early exits from a loop if doing so simplifies the code. Sometimes you can just return. Apr 19, 2016 at 18:28
  • 1
    An example would be looking for the first occurrence of a string in each line of a text file. You would still need the while loop, but once you found the string in the line you just read, you could either break or return. Apr 19, 2016 at 18:37

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.