I'm trying to create a Tower Defense game where minions move through a labyrinth and you can build towers on top of the labyrinths' walls to stop the minions. I'm personally using Python and pygame, but I'm looking for generic design answers that can be applied to any OOP language.
So, since both minions and towers have a size and a position, as well as a sprite image, I felt like it'd be appropriate to create a common base class:
class Entity: def __init__(self, image, size, position): self.image = image self.size = size self.position = position def draw(self, surface): surface.blit(self.image, self.position, self.size)
Alright so I want my game to work similar to Vector TD, where you have multiple different types of towers that can be build, but you can build multiple instances of each type, and each instance can then be upgraded individually. What this means is that I need some kind of generic way to explain how all towers of similar type work, yet I need each instance to be separated. So I began with a
Tower base class with all the properties I can think of:
class Tower(Entity): def __init__(self, image, size, position, attack_speed, attack_damage, attack_splash_radius, attack_range, cost): super().__init__(image, size, position) self.attack_speed = attack_speed self.attack_damage = attack_damage ... # etc
But the problem is, all turrets of the same type have same range, same attack speed, same cost, etc. but they're still individual instances, so it would feel stupid to copy all of these common properties with the same values to every instance separately.
The reason I don't just subclass
Tower to create my custom tower types is because they don't really add anything to the class. Literally the only thing they would do is change the default values for the
__init__'s arguments. Using subclasses like this would also lead into the common values being copied into every instance, so if my subclass
range=800 for all my turrets, it would mean that the value
800 would be stored separately into every instance (when they could just use a common value). I just feel like there's a better way.
So my question is entirely about the design/architecture/structure of the system. How should I group these properties together while still allowing individual turrets to be upgraded separately? Ideally I could be able to design these tower types in something like JSON where I can dynamically load them to the game.