If this is basic question sorry , but anyway it is a question .

i am doing domain driven design , i know about RootAggreegate , Anemic model , Rich Model , Domain Services , and ...

but still when it come to adding or updating a model i dont know what pattern it makes sense to use`? should i retun void , or should i return an object of operation result .

class operationResult {
public List<string> ErrorMessages {get;set;}
public OperationStateEnum Status {get;set;}

void addBook(book)


operationResult addBook(book) 

If your addBook method is designed so that it will always succeed, a void is preferred. If your method does validation on book, then returning a result is better then handling it with exceptions.

In my opinion, exceptions should be used for exceptional situations only; if a database or webservice is down, throw an exception, but if the title should be unique and it isn't, I would not throw an exception but return a result.

This sums it up nicely:

The method is a command and it can’t fail:

public void Save(Customer customer)

The method is a query and it can’t fail:

public Customer GetById(long id)

The method is a command and it can fail:

public Result Save(Customer customer)

The method is a query and it can fail

public Result<Customer> GetById(long id)

Source: https://enterprisecraftsmanship.com/2015/03/20/functional-c-handling-failures-input-errors/

Further reading: https://martinfowler.com/articles/replaceThrowWithNotification.html


The prevailing idiom in object-oriented languages is to return void.

The reason being, that callers expect methods to be composable through sequencing, that is, writing them after each other, separated by semicolon (;). It would be just be too much repetitive work to have a condition after each method invocation to check whether it succeeded or not (just look at C). That's why there are Exceptions.

So make it void, and throw an Exception if there is something wrong, otherwise the caller should assume the operation succeeded.

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