84

I have heard a lot about Web Services and Web APIs, is there any difference between them or are they the same?

86

Web Services - that's standard defined by W3C, so they can be accessed semi-automatically or automatically (WSDL / UDDI). The whole thing is based on XML, so anyone can call it. And every aspect of the service is very well defined. There's parameters description standard, parameter passing standard, response standard, discovery standard, etc. etc. You could probably write 2000 pages book that'd describe the standard. There are even some "additional" standards for doing "standard" things, like authentication.

Despite the fact that automatic invoking and discovery is barely working because clients are rather poor, and you have no real guarantee that any service can be called from any client.

Web API is typically done as HTTP/REST, nothing is defined, output can be for eg. JSON/XML, input can be XML/JSON/or plain data. There are no standards for anything => no automatic calling and discovery. You can provide some description in text file or PDF, you can return the data in Windows-1250 instead of unicode, etc. For describing the standard it'd be 2 pages brochure with some simple info and you'll define everything else.

Web is switching towards Web API / REST. Web Services are really no better than Web API. Very complicated to develop and they eat much more resources (bandwidth and RAM)... and because of all data conversions (REQUEST->XML->DATA->RESPONSE->XML->VALIDATION->CONVERSION->DATA) are very slow.

Eg. In WebAPI you can pack the data, send it compressed and un-compress+un-pack on the client. In SOAP you could only compress HTML request.

  • 1
    thanks @Slawek, u explained it better..and thanks for the example too... – Harish Kurup Jan 22 '11 at 5:50
  • 2
    In reality I hear people refer to both SOAP and REST as "web services". Web API does tend to be REST though. – Ben Thurley Mar 2 '16 at 17:59
  • @Slawek, the way you said it 2000 pages vs couple of pages, itself explains the complexity reduced. Good way to say it simply.. – Jaqen H'ghar Jun 23 '16 at 5:29
20

A web service allows for machine to machine communications over HTTP. A web API is a subset of web services that use REST conventions (Summarizing the Wikipedia article). The concepts definitely overlap. I believe that there is still a link in most people's minds of web service -> SOAP/XML-RPC which can unnecessarily confuse matters.

In the end, you'll have to ask a few questions to clarify what people mean. Not everyone makes a distinction or uses the terms interchangeably.

  • Thank u @Berin Loritsch, yeah thats right it causes confusion between API's and WS.. – Harish Kurup Jan 22 '11 at 5:55
6

Web services is a defined architecture and approach to a problem domain as stated by the W3C.

Web services provide a standard means of interoperating between different software applications, running on a variety of platforms and/or framework

Web API is a concept and abstracts the means on how the concept is implemented.

In layman's terms...web API is to motor whereas WS is to BMW N53.

protected by gnat Sep 29 '16 at 11:07

Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site (the association bonus does not count).

Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.