My team works on an HTTP web server in C++. The codebase has aged over time, and has a widespread problem of 12+ parameters being passed to every function.
A fake example: We need to build a Car, but in order to do that, we have the following function:
MaybeBuildCar(engine_params, steering_params, interior_params, fuel_params, available_inventory, parts, &debug);
Someone on our team has proposed that we create a wrapper
CarBuilder class whose constructor takes in the params and "stateful" objects like
available_inventory, then has a separate function for
BuildCar as follows:
CarBuilder car_builder(engine_params, steering_params, interior_params, fuel_params, available_inventory, &debug); auto car = car_builder.BuildCar(parts);
Personally, I don't see much value in having a class with a single public function that is always called. We'll always need these parameters, and we'll always need the parts, so this just adds more steps to build the car. It could even add confusion, as now a user of
CarBuilder must know to both construct it and call
Admittedly, this simplifies our helper functions within
car_builder.cc, as they also require passing these params, but to me that's misusing what a class is for: maintaining state.
Is creating this CarBuilder a misuse of the class, or is simply cleaning up function signatures a valid use? Does anyone have any suggestions on how to tackle this problem?