I recently read the book 'UML Distilled' and found the sequence diagrams very useful. My question is that can we show 'data flow' as well on a sequence diagram? This is my first time on sequence diagrams.

Nice to see some examples if any.

  • 1
    Sequence diagram is probably the most useful
    – user2567
    Feb 13, 2011 at 20:41

1 Answer 1


Sequence Diagram UML: Sequence Diagram Tutorial

The data is included as the parameters within the messages. For example the instance buyersBank of the Bank class takes an accountNumber and returns the balance for the buyersBank instance.


I have highlighed the key points from the OMG specification. pg 491-494

  • Asynchronous Messages have an open arrow head.
  • (Default) Synchronous Messages typically represent operation calls and are shown with a filled arrow head -The reply message from a method has a dashed line.
  • Object creation Message has a dashed line with an open arrow.
  • Lost Messages are described as a small black circle at the arrow end of the Message.
  • Found Messages are described as a small black circle at the starting end of the Message.
<messageident> ::= 
([<attribute> ‘=’] <signal-or-operation-name>
[‘(‘ [<argument>[‘,’<argument>]* ‘)’]
[‘:’ <return-value>]) | ‘*’

Examples of syntax:

mymessage(14, - , 3.14, “hello”)  // second argument is undefined
v=mymsg(16, variab):96 // this is a reply message carrying the return value 96 assigning it to v
mymsg(myint=16)  // the input parameter ‘myint’ is given the argument value 16


v = attribute
mymessage = signal-or-operation-name
(16,vairab) = arguments
:96 = return value


Visual Studio 2010 Ultimate will auto-generate sequence diagrams. You can reverse engineer existing methods by right-clicking and selecting auto-generate sequence diagram.

Visual Studio 2010 Ultimate Sequence Diagram


  • Greetings Donald, thanks for your answer, helped a lot. I finally drew my first sequence diagram for our small crawling engine. Anyway I have another question, how can I portray how a class assigns values to internal variables of another class on a sequence diagram? Feb 14, 2011 at 19:45
  • 1
    One more thing, I got the chance to ask the same question to Fowler, the author of the book 'UML Distilled'. He said he has shown that in the newer edition of the book. Feb 14, 2011 at 19:46

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