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Questions tagged [binary]

The tag has no usage guidance.

2
votes
3answers
6k views

Why does division and multiplication by 2 use the shift operator rather than division operator?

While looking at the code in C for division/multiplication by 2, it is found that shift operator is used rather than division operator. What is the advantage of using shift over division operator?
3
votes
1answer
594 views

What is meant by binary compatibility? What is its importance during serialization/deserialization in a language like Java that deals in byte code?

In computing what is meant by binary compatibility? I read about it in context of serialization/deserialization that this process of serialize/deserialize should be binary compatible. What does it ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How should I structure a C# application that reads & writes binary data?

I have to read and write binary "chunks" of approximately 1Mb each. The data can come in the form of a stream or a in-memory byte[]. Normally I would use a Struct with a fixed layout, but there are ...
3
votes
1answer
239 views

Can we create a GPL application that has a payware advertisement on it?

We've been thinking of using GPL components to make a GPL application, and freely give it away. We then want to use that as a loss-leader. In that free application, where even the source code is ...
9
votes
3answers
39k views

Is there something special about the number 65535?

2¹⁶-1 & 2⁵ = 2⁵ (or? obviously ?) A developer asked me today what is bitwise 65535 & 32 i.e. 2¹⁶-1 & 2⁵ = ? I thought at first spontaneously 32 but it seemed to easy whereupon I thought ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Extracting color profile information from JPEG files

I'm trying to look up info about reading JPEG's color profile info and to my surprise there's very little open specific how-to information on that regard, but rather lots of general explanation on ...
2
votes
2answers
288 views

Which numeral systems are useful in computer science?

I am wondering which numeral system different programmers are using, or would use if their language has support for them. As an example, in C++ we can use: Octal by prefixing with 0 (e.g. 0377) ...
4
votes
4answers
564 views

How much is modern programming still tied to underyling digital logic? [closed]

First of all: I've got no academic background. I'm working primarily with Java and Spring and I'm also fond of web programming and relational databases. I hope I'm using the right terms and I hope ...
10
votes
3answers
10k views

Compiling vs using pre-built binaries performance?

Will performance be better (quicker) if I manually compile the source for a software component for the actual machine that it will be used on, compared to if the source was compiled on another ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

What does “windowed streaming” stand for?

So I was asking around the Mercurial development mailing list about binary diffing and patch handling and I got the following examples: whole file approaches (classic diff, bsdiff, Mercurial's ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

What does it mean “you can pick K to be whatever you want” in Excess-N notation?

I prefer providing an example to explain the following paragraph: However, since excess K representation using N bits has two parameters, K and N, you can pick K to be whatever you want. You can ...
2
votes
4answers
6k views

Understanding binary numbers in terms of real world objects [closed]

When I represent a number in the decimal system, I have an intuitive knowledge of what it amounts to. For example take the number '10': I understand that it means 10 apples or 10 people... i.e I can ...
1
vote
1answer
441 views

How is this number calculated?

I have numbers; A == 0x20000000 B == 18 C == (B/10) D == 0x20000004 == (A + C) A and D are in hex, but I'm not sure what the assumed numeric bases of the others are (although I'd assume base 10 ...
5
votes
2answers
13k views

binary representation in Python and keeping leading zeros

I wanted to use the base64 Python library to encode a sequence of binary digits into base 64. Would it be possible to do it without converting to a string? If not, what is the best way to do it, ...
7
votes
9answers
3k views

Is it any good to use binary arithmetic in a C++ code like “C style”?

I like the fact that the C language lets you use binary arithmetic in an explicit way in your code, sometimes the use of the binary arithmetic can also give you a little edge in terms of performance; ...
0
votes
2answers
16k views

Flipping the desired bit of an integer number [duplicate]

Suppose you were given an integer number in decimal notation. This when represented in binary will be a series of 0's and 1's. This sequence varies in length with the magnitude of the number. Now ...
42
votes
13answers
5k views

Is there an alternative to bits?

Is there an alternative to bits as the smallest unit of data? Something that won't be only 0 or 1, but actually hold many possible states in between? Wouldn't it be more natural to store floats like ...
0
votes
4answers
579 views

What web oriented language would work best with binary data? [closed]

I want to create a service where people can upload files. However, since file storage costs money, I want to compress the files so they take less space. I would want to write my own compression ...
31
votes
3answers
61k views

What are binaries? [closed]

I see very often people using term binaries in different context. What are binaries? Collection on binary files, installation files, .dll files or what? Or is it just an general term for some ...
9
votes
4answers
362 views

File naming convention for images stored in version control?

My application has an icon file which is stored in version control. Now tomorrow I might decide to change the icon. I'm debating between two possible naming conventions for the icon file: Keep the ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

What exactly is “Binary Form”?

I am asking in the context of the licenses on code that one sees all over the place. Typically, they say something along the lines of "if you release a product containing this in binary form, it must ...
28
votes
22answers
21k views

Why learn hexadecimal? [closed]

I've taken quite a few intro programming classes in my day, mostly just to get my feet wet in every different kind of programming I find. Not surprisingly, just about every class runs through the ...
48
votes
3answers
65k views

Why is 2^16 a “special” number? [closed]

OK, I feel stupid asking this - but in Jeff's article: Getting the Interview Phone Screen Right and originally stated in the 5 essential phone screen questions: They shouldn't stare blankly at you ...
2
votes
3answers
847 views

Can you decipher this binary [closed]

Thought I post this to the best community of programmers I know. David Johnston, the new Governor General, has the digital world confused. Just what is the meaning of that 33 character-...