Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [c++]

Questions about C++, a statically typed, free-form, multi-paradigm, compiled, general-purpose programming language.

49
votes
9answers
11k views

Explanation on how “Tell, Don't Ask” is considered good OO

This blogpost was posted on Hacker News with several upvotes. Coming from C++, most of these examples seem to go against what I've been taught. Such as example #2: Bad: def check_for_overheating(...
164
votes
12answers
434k views

When to use C over C++, and C++ over C?

I've been introduced to Computer Science for a little over a year now, and from my experience it seems that C and C++ are both considered to be "ultrafast" languages, whereas others such as Python and ...
216
votes
9answers
22k views

Why do many exception messages not contain useful details?

It seems there is a certain amount of agreement that exception messages should contain useful details. Why is it that many common exceptions from system components do not contain useful details? A ...
80
votes
11answers
11k views

Did the developers of Java consciously abandon RAII?

As a long-time C# programmer, I have recently come to learn more about the advantages of Resource Acquisition Is Initialization (RAII). In particular, I have discovered that the C# idiom: using (var ...
162
votes
19answers
188k views

Is there any reason to use C++ instead of C, Perl, Python, etc.? [closed]

As a Linux (server side) developer, I don't know where and why should I use C++. When I'm going for performance, the first and last choice is C. When "performance" isn't the main issue, programming ...
76
votes
12answers
49k views

What's the benefit of object-oriented programming over procedural programming?

I'm trying to understand the difference between procedural languages like C and object-oriented languages like C++. I've never used C++, but I've been discussing with my friends on how to ...
47
votes
4answers
25k views

How could the first C++ compiler be written in C++?

Stroustrup claims that Cfront, the first C++ compiler, was written in C++ (Stroustrup FAQ). However, how is it even possible that the first C++ compiler be written in C++? The code that makes up the ...
34
votes
9answers
110k views

Can C++ be used as a server-side web development language? [closed]

I'd like to get into web development using C++ as the "scripting language" on the server-side. My server infrastructure is *nix based, so doing web development in C++ on Azure is not applicable and C+...
137
votes
15answers
28k views

Why did memory-managed languages like Java, Javascript, and C# retain the `new` keyword?

The new keyword in languages like Java, Javascript, and C# creates a new instance of a class. This syntax seems to have been inherited from C++, where new is used specifically to allocate a new ...
117
votes
11answers
51k views

What backs up the claim that C++ can be faster than a JVM or CLR with JIT? [closed]

A reoccurring theme on SE I've noticed in many questions is the ongoing argument that C++ is faster and/or more efficient than higher level languages like Java. The counter-argument is that modern JVM ...
200
votes
40answers
18k views

My Dad is impatient with the pace of my learning to program. What do I do? [closed]

So my Dad bought me 5 books on programming (C++, Java, PHP, Javascript, Android) about a month ago. He's an architect and he knows NOTHING about programming. He bought me them because I told him ...
45
votes
5answers
49k views

Where should I put functions that are not related to a class?

I am working on a C++ project where I have a bunch of math functions that I initially wrote to use as part of a class. As I've been writing more code, though, I've realized I need these math functions ...
34
votes
3answers
50k views

what is message passing in OO?

I've been studying OO programming, primarily in C++, C# and Java. I thought I had a good grasp on it with my understanding of encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism (as well as reading a lot of ...
23
votes
7answers
12k views

If a variable has getter and setter, should it be public?

I have a class with a variable that is private and the class has a getter and a setter for that variable. Why not make that variable public? The only case I think you have to use getters and setters ...
26
votes
11answers
30k views

Avoid Postfix Increment Operator

I've read that I should avoid the postfix increment operator because of performance reasons (in certain cases). But doesn't this affect code readability? In my opinion: for(int i = 0; i < 42; i++)...
19
votes
7answers
6k views

Are header files actually good? [closed]

I find header files to be useful when browsing C++ source files, because they give a "summary" of all the functions and data members in a class. Why do so many other languages (like Ruby, Python, ...
9
votes
9answers
3k views

What is the way to understand someone else's giant uncommented spaghetti code? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: I’ve inherited 200K lines of spaghetti code — what now? I have been recently handled a giant multithreaded program with no comments and have been asked to understand what it ...
46
votes
11answers
350k views

For what reasons should I choose C# over Java and C++? [closed]

C# seems to be popular these days. I heard that syntactically it is almost the same as Java. Java and C++ have existed for a longer time. For what reasons should I choose C# over Java and C++?
25
votes
22answers
15k views

Is learning how to use C (or C++) a requirement in order to be a good (excellent) programmer? [closed]

When I first started to learn how to program, real programmers could write assembly in their sleep. Any serious schooling in computer science would include a hefty bit of training and practice in ...
31
votes
3answers
10k views

Did C++11 address concerns passing std lib objects between dynamic/shared library boundaries? (ie dlls and so)?

One of my major complaints about C++ is how hard in practice it is to pass std library objects outside of dynamic library (ie dll/so) boundaries. The std library is often header-only. Which is great ...
30
votes
8answers
32k views

Are C and/or C++ viable/practical options for web development? [duplicate]

I am proficient in C, and I am learning C++ right now. I always played with websites (HTML/CSS), and I was wondering if it would be viable/practical to create some simple web apps using C and/or C++. ...
27
votes
7answers
7k views

How can I learn to write idiomatic C++?

I am a computer science student, and as a result, I was taught C++ as a better version of C with classes. I end up trying to reinvent the wheel whenever a solution to a complex problem is needed, only ...
21
votes
4answers
19k views

C++ - Constructor or Initialize Method to Startup [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Avoid having an initialization method I want to determine when to do non-trivial initialization of a class. I see two times to do initialization: constructor and other method. ...
24
votes
6answers
9k views

Is readability a valid reason to not use const in (reference) parameters?

When writing some functions, I found a const keyword in parameters like this: void MyClass::myFunction(const MyObject& obj,const string& s1,const string& s2,const string& s3){ } ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a measure of code rot? [duplicate]

I'm dealing, again, with a messy C++ application, tons of classes with confusing names, objects have pointers into each other and all over, longwinded Boost and STL data types, etc. (Pause and ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

sqrt c# vs sqrt c++

Any idea why the C# version of sqrt (System.Math.Sqrt) is ~10 times slower than c++ version ? Furthermore, C# version seems to have one extra digit of precision. I have run my test under MSVC2012. I ...
20
votes
9answers
2k views

Good design: How much hackyness is acceptable? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Prototyping vs. Clean Code at the early stages I'm right in front of a difficult decision. I have a problem in my codebase (it's in C++), which I could solve in two ways: A) ...
12
votes
4answers
3k views

Avoid having an initialization method

I have this existing code where they have a class and an initialization method in that class. It is expected that once the object of the class is created, they need to call initialize on it. Reason ...
10
votes
5answers
9k views

Interface and Inheritance: Best of both worlds?

I 'discovered' interfaces and I started to love them. The beauty of an interface is that it is a contract, and any object that fulfills that contract can be used wherever that interface is required. ...
17
votes
7answers
2k views

To rewrite or slowly refactor old C++ project [duplicate]

Our team has recently inherited a relatively large project from another company (~250k lines). It was developed using C++Builder and we intend to port the Ui side to Qt. Most of the Ui code is ...
15
votes
7answers
3k views

In C and C++, what methods can prevent accidental use of the assignment(=) where equivalence(==) is needed?

In C and C++, it is very easy to write the following code with a serious error. char responseChar = getchar(); int confirmExit = 'y' == tolower(responseChar); if (confirmExit = 1) { exit(0); } ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

In C/C++, should I use 'const' in parameters and local variables when possible?

This question is inspired by a question about final in java. In C/C++, should I use const whenever possible? I know there is already a related question about using const in parameters. ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What alternatives to a singleton are there for a class which only can have one instance?

I need to represent an abstraction over various parts of the hardware for a game. I'm trying to decouple the code that does things like manage the logic of the game from the code that is API/platform ...
58
votes
11answers
16k views

A modern review of Java [closed]

I've been programming for a few years and I began in Java, and in my time I've found many different sources claiming Java to be an inferior language in some way or another. I'm well aware that each ...
122
votes
14answers
27k views

Does auto make C++ code harder to understand?

I saw a conference by Herb Sutter where he encourages every C++ programmer to use auto. I had to read C# code some time ago where var was extensively used and the code was very hard to understand—...
43
votes
9answers
34k views

Why are pointers not recommended when coding with C++?

I read from somewhere that when using C++ it is recommended not to use pointers. Why is pointers such a bad idea when you are using C++. For C programmers that are used to using pointers, what is the ...
40
votes
11answers
23k views

Are there any real-world cases for C++ without exceptions? [closed]

In When to use C over C++, and C++ over C? there is a statement wrt. to code size / C++ exceptions: Jerry answers (among other points): (...) it tends to be more difficult to produce truly tiny ...
30
votes
5answers
10k views

Is is preferable to design top down or bottom up?

As I understand, top-down design is by refining the abstract high level concept into smaller concrete and comprehensible parts, until the smallest building block is defined. On the other hand, bottom ...
27
votes
25answers
36k views

Is C++ suitable as a first language? [closed]

A local college is teaching C++ to first year college students (16 years old) with no prior programming experience. As first programming language, is C++ suitable?
110
votes
13answers
19k views

Should we avoid language features that C++ has but Java doesn't?

Suppose I am limited to use C++ by the environment in the project. Is it good to prevent the use of some language features that C++ has but Java doesn't have (e.g.: multiple inheritance, operator ...
40
votes
11answers
14k views

What are the best practices regarding unsigned ints?

I use unsigned ints everywhere, and I'm not sure if I should. This can be from database primary key id columns to counters, etc. If a number should never be negative, then I will always used an ...
45
votes
3answers
22k views

C++ strongly typed typedef

I've been trying to think of a way of declaring strongly typed typedefs, to catch a certain class of bugs in the compilation stage. It's often the case that I'll typedef an int into several types of ...
56
votes
7answers
40k views

Why is there no 'finally' construct in C++?

Exception handling in C++ is limited to try/throw/catch. Unlike Object Pascal, Java, C# and Python, even in C++ 11, the finally construct has not been implemented. I have seen an awful lot of C++ ...
24
votes
4answers
5k views

Why do C++ and Java both use the notion of “reference” but not in the same sense?

In C++ a reference argument to a function allows the function to make the reference refer to something else: int replacement = 23; void changeNumberReference(int& reference) { reference = ...
18
votes
6answers
8k views

In general, is it worth using virtual functions to avoid branching?

There seems to be rough equivalents of instructions to equate to the cost of a branch miss virtual functions have a similar tradeoff: instruction vs. data cache miss optimization barrier If you ...
55
votes
15answers
5k views

Why do we have postfix increment?

Disclaimer: I know perfectly well the semantics of prefix and postfix increment. So please don't explain to me how they work. Reading questions on stack overflow, I cannot help but notice that ...
37
votes
8answers
6k views

Disadvantages of scoped-based memory management

I really like scope-based memory management (SBMM), or RAII, as it is more commonly (confusingly?) referred to by the C++ community. As far as I know, except for C++ (and C), there's no other ...
25
votes
6answers
14k views

Dependency injection ; good practices to reduce boilerplate code

I have a simple question, and I'm not even sure it has an answer but let's try. I'm coding in C++, and using dependancy injection to avoid global state. This works quite well, and I don't run in ...
21
votes
9answers
35k views

How is C different from C++?

Many people have said that C++ is a completely different language than C, but Bjarne himself has said that C++ is a language that is extended from C hence that is where the ++ comes from. So why does ...
45
votes
16answers
15k views

Languages on a resume: Is it better to put “C/C++” or “C, C++”? [closed]

I'm graduating in a couple of weeks, and my resume (as expected) lists the languages that I've had experience with. Previously I've put "C/C++", however back then I didn't have that much experience ...