Questions tagged [interfaces]

Questions about interface related design considerations, such as programming to the interface.

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3answers
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Should I implement an interface directly or have the superclass do it?

Is there a difference between public class A extends AbstractB implements C {...} versus... public class A extends AbstractB {...} abstract class AbstractB implements C {...} I understand that in ...
14
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1answer
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Is it good practice to implement two Java 8 default methods in terms of each other?

I'm designing an interface with two related methods, similar to this: public interface ThingComputer { default Thing computeFirstThing() { return computeAllThings().get(0); } ...
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5answers
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How to apply the Interface Segregation principle in C?

I have a module, say 'M', which has a few clients, say 'C1', 'C2', 'C3'. I want to apportion the module M's namespace, i.e. the declarations of the APIs and data it exposes, into header file(s) in ...
14
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2answers
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Now that not all method declarations in a Java Interface are public abstract, should the methods be declared with these modifiers?

Starting with Java 8, default methods were introduced into interfaces. Effectively, this means that not all methods in an interface are abstract. Starting with Java 9 (maybe), private methods will be ...
13
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3answers
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Is this bad OOP design for a simulation involving interfaces?

I am designing my own little OOP program to simulate Vampires, Wolves, Humans and Trucks and am trying to implement my own limited understanding of Interfaces. (I am still abstracting here and have ...
13
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6answers
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How to implement only a part of an interface

When developing in OOP, sometimes an interface / contract is given by a library that you cannot alter. Let's call this interface J. Now you have an object of class A that consumes objects that ...
13
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4answers
739 views

Two interfaces with identical signatures

I am attempting to model a card game where cards have two important sets of features: The first is an effect. These are the changes to the game state that happen when you play the card. The interface ...
13
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4answers
18k views

Should interfaces extend (and in doing so inherit methods of) other interfaces

Although this is a general question it is also specific to a problem I am currently experiencing. I currently have an interface specified in my solution called public interface IContextProvider { ...
13
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4answers
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Is there a different usage rationale for abstract classes/interfaces in C++ and Java

According to Herb Sutter one should prefer abstract interfaces (all pure virtual functions) to abstract classes in C++ to decouple the implementation as far as possible. While I personally find this ...
13
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1answer
831 views

Java Default Method Usage

For decades it's been the case that interfaces were only only (only) for specifying method signatures. We were told that this was the "right way to do things™". Then Java 8 came out and said: ...
12
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3answers
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Is an interface considered 'empty' if it inherits from other interfaces?

Empty interfaces are generally consider bad practice, as far as I can tell - especially where things like attributes are supported by the language. However, is an interface considered 'empty' if it ...
12
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5answers
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Does it make sense to define an interface if I already have an abstract class?

I have a class with some default/shared functionality. I use abstract class for it: public interface ITypeNameMapper { string Map(TypeDefinition typeDefinition); } public abstract class ...
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5answers
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Using Func instead of interfaces for IoC

Context: I am using C# I designed a class, and in order to isolate it, and make unit testing easier, I am passing in all its dependencies; it does no object instantiation internally. However, instead ...
12
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4answers
572 views

Are interfaces and method signatures copyright protected?

For example, is it copyright infringement if I write a class called Random with the exact same purpose and method signatures as Microsoft's .Net System.Random class? Does it make a difference what ...
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4answers
4k views

Is it bad practice to use an interface for categorization only?

For example: Say I have classes A, B, C. I have two interfaces, lets call them IAnimal and IDog. IDog inherits from IAnimal. A and B are IDogs, while C is not, but it is an IAnimal. The important ...
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2answers
2k views

UnsupportedOperationException in java collections framework interfaces

Looking through the Java Collections Framework, I've noticed quite a few of the interfaces have the comment (optional operation). These methods allow implementing classes to through an ...
11
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5answers
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How does the concept of a class change when passing data to the constructor instead of method parameters?

Let's say we're making a parser. One implementation could be: public sealed class Parser1 { public string Parse(string text) { ... } } Or we could pass the text to the constructor ...
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4answers
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The term “interface” in C++

Java makes a clear distinction between class and interface. (I believe C# does also, but I have no experience with it). When writing C++ however there is no language enforced distinction between class ...
11
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3answers
12k views

Difference between various Collection Generic Interfaces in C#

I have been playing around with C# for Windows and ASP.net MVC development for some time now. But I am still unclear on a few areas. I am trying to understand the basic difference between and ...
11
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3answers
5k views

Composition over inheritance but

I'm trying to teach myself software engineering and coming up against some conflicting information which is confusing me. I've been learning OOP and what abstract classes / Interfaces are and how to ...
11
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9answers
4k views

What OO Design to use ( is there a Design Pattern )?

I have two objects that represent a 'Bar/Club' ( a place where you drink/socialise). In one scenario I need the bar name, address, distance, slogon In another scenario I need the bar name, address, ...
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5answers
2k views

Separate interface for mutation methods

I've been working on refactoring some code, and I think I may have taken the first step down the rabbit hole. I'm writing the example in Java, but I suppose it could be agnostic. I have an interface ...
11
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1answer
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Why doesn't CharSequence define contains(CharSequence)?

This applies to to both Java SE & Android, as the contracts are identical. CharSequence documentation for Java SE CharSequence documentation for Android CharSequence does not define a contains(...
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5answers
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Modified Strategy Design Pattern

I've started looking into Design Patterns recently, and one thing I'm coding would suit the Strategy pattern perfectly, except for one small difference. Essentially, some (but not all) of my ...
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3answers
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How do existential types differ from interfaces?

Given the existential type T = ∃X.{op₁:X, op₂:X→boolean} and this generic Java interface: interface T<X> { X op₁(); boolean op₂(X something); } What are the fundamental differences ...
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12answers
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Is “If a method is re-used without changes, put the method in a base class, else create an interface” a good rule-of-thumb?

A colleague of mine came up with a rule-of-thumb for choosing between creating a base class or an interface. He says: Imagine every new method that you are about to implement. For each of them, ...
10
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8answers
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Is an interface exposing async functions a leaky abstraction?

I'm reading the book Dependency Injection Principles, Practices, and Patterns and I read about the concept of leaky abstraction which is well described in the book. These days I'm refactoring a C# ...
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4answers
4k views

Should every class I write adhere to an interface?

I'm writing a game in Typescript, and decided going in that I was going to try to adhere to the idea of "interface based programming", where you write code based on an interface, instead of the ...
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6answers
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What are good reasons to use explicit interface implementation for the sole purpose of hiding members?

During one of my studies into the intricacies of C#, I came across an interesting passage concerning explicit interface implementation. While this syntax is quite helpful when you need to resolve ...
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5answers
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Interface and Inheritance: Best of both worlds?

I 'discovered' interfaces and I started to love them. The beauty of an interface is that it is a contract, and any object that fulfills that contract can be used wherever that interface is required. ...
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3answers
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Using Interfaces for Loosely Coupled Code

Background I have a project that depends on the usage of a certain type of hardware device, while it doesn't really matter who makes that hardware device as long as it does what I need it to do. With ...
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2answers
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What is the proper way to implement the OnClickListener interface for many buttons

My Android Activity contains multiple buttons that all need an OnClickListener. I've seen lots of different ways of doing this such as:: Implementing the interface in activity class Creating a ...
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6answers
10k views

Is there any difference between interfaces and abstract classes that have abstract methods only?

Let's say we have an abstract class and let this class has only abstract methods. Is this abstract class different from an interface that has same methods only? What I am looking to know is if there ...
9
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5answers
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Does it always make sense to “program to an interface” in Java?

I've seen the discussion at this question regarding how a class that implements from an interface would be instantiated. In my case, I'm writing a very small program in Java that uses an instance of ...
9
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6answers
3k views

Split up large interfaces

I'm using a large interface with about 50 methods to access a database. The interface has been written by a colleague of mine. We discussed this: Me: 50 methods is too much. It's a code smell. ...
9
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3answers
2k views

Is using interfaces for datatypes an anti-pattern?

Suppose I have a various entities in my model (using EF), say User, Product, Invoice and Order. I am writing a user control that can can print the summaries of entity objects in my application where ...
9
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2answers
580 views

Is there an “ask for only what you need” interface principle?

I have grown into using a principle for designing and consuming interfaces that says basically, "ask for only what you need." For instance, if I have a bunch of types that can be deleted, I'll make ...
9
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3answers
467 views

Rules about the concreteness of method parameter types, return types and property types

Some time ago I read a kind of "rule of thumb" about the concreteness of method parameter types, return types and property types, but I just do not remember it. It said something about keep your ...
9
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4answers
8k views

Return interface or class

Suppose I have a method public List<User> GetBatchOfUsers(IEnumerable<int> userIDs) { List<User> users = new List<User>(); // some database stuff return users; } ...
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2answers
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Interface Segregation Principle: What to do if interfaces have significant overlap?

From Agile Software Development, Principles, Patterns, and Practices: Pearson New International Edition: Sometimes, the methods invoked by different groups of clients will overlap. If the overlap ...
9
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1answer
430 views

How do I structure interfaces when objects only use part of the interface?

I have a project where I have two classes that both require a database access object that updates the same table. The constraints of the framework and project make it so that I cannot combine these ...
9
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1answer
6k views

Implicit vs explicit interfaces

I think I understand the actual limitations of compile-time polymorphism and run-time polymorphism. But what are the conceptual differences between explicit interfaces (run-time polymorphism. ie ...
9
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3answers
6k views

What can I use instead of Interfaces in Ruby (or any other dynamic language)?

My goal is to define contracts between classes. I like duck typing and all but I'd like also to define an interface between different layers of my application to clearly define which are the method ...
9
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2answers
420 views

Programming to Data Oriented Interfaces

There is a portion of our codebase written in the following style: // IScheduledTask.cs public interface IScheduledTask { string TaskName { get; set; } int TaskPriority { get; set; } List&...
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3answers
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Is it OK for interfaces to depend on concrete classes?

I am creating interface in Java for custom error handler. Want to pass an argument error object but I need it to be child of Exception class. Is it okay to use my defined class name in an interface ?...
9
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1answer
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Traits, Inheritance and Interfaces in Groovy, when to use them?

I'm learning groovy and I've just learned about the new feature added in 2.3, which is the addition of Traits. Now to me it seems like Traits allow you to do basically everything a super-class and an ...
8
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11answers
978 views

Why do interfaces require methods over members?

...As this forces us to create getters and setters, which in practice are often totally extraneous? Is there any good language-design reason why interfaces in most (all?) languages do not allow member ...
8
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7answers
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How to enforce implementation of interface to behave a certain way

Suppose you had the following interface public interface IUserRepository { User GetByID(int userID); } How would you enforce implementers of this interface to throw an exception if a user is not ...
8
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5answers
514 views

What core principles would you want in a library?

Theres talk about what syntax and feature you like in a programming language; i'll now ask what core principles or feature would you like in a library in your favorite (or any) language? An example ...
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4answers
7k views

Should I put extension methods of an interface in the interface.cs file?

Imagine this set up: public interface IMass{ double Mass {get;} } public static class IMassExtension { public static double ToKg(this IMass massObject) { return massObject.Mass / ...