Questions tagged [object-oriented]

A methodology that enables a system to be modeled as a set of objects that can be controlled and manipulated in a modular manner

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Separate business logic from ORM models in SQLAlchemy

I have a Flask application with tens of complex models, almost all of them related to each other. A simple pseudo-schema of some of them: +----------------+ | FoodGroup | +-------+--------+ ...
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Intuitive dependency management with code includes?

I am building a PHP CMS system that parses template files and replaces tags with content. Sometimes this content is a HTML, CSS or JS snippet, but it can also be a code include. Most code includes ...
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2answers
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Persistent Model to Domain Model mapping without exposing domain object's attributes

I know this is a common question, but I haven't found another that solves my doubts. Usually, if the project is small, I've persistence annotations in the same object that represents the domain ...
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476 views

Design a Windows Service with self-hosted ASP.NET Core Web Services and UPD port listeners

I'm designing a software platform in automation that is responsible of many different tasks like: Core functions Driver interface for machines UDP listener for machine messages from PLC UDP listener ...
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Creating bindable input handler in C++ spanning two separate modules

I have a wxWidgets application. This is the first, main module. The second module is an openGL engine. It's a model-view-(controller) structure, where application is the view (and the controller), ...
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76 views

Memento and releasing resources

Let's suppose we have a class whose state has to be saved and later restored, and we resorted to the Memento pattern for that. What if the state includes resources that have to be explicitly ...
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127 views

Ripple Effect Analysis using coupling metrics

How can I observe ripple effect using coupling attributes alone? I first find the common coupling metrics for a set of deprecated classes in a project, like CBO(Coupling Between Objects), RFC(...
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680 views

Dependency injection - Nested objects

# Introduction I am working on a CMS application in PHP with about 200 classes. The CMS, in general, does the same thing every CMS does: generate sites. I am learning a lot about OOP and design ...
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873 views

Reading and saving big data to db

I have a method for reading data from file. The problem is how to handle files that are too big for a simple read and save to database? I was thinking about reading a chunk of it and saving it to ...
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Is Nested Structure with Spread Responsibilities Not Logical?

Given the following code snippet in a Laravel Controller: $this->userRepository->saveByProject( $this->fileRepository->saveByProject( $this->metricRepository->...
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379 views

JS closures - Passing a function to a child, how should the shared object be accessed

I have a design and am wondering what the appropriate way to access variables is. I'll demonstrate with this example since I can't seem to describe it better than the title. Term is an object ...
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1answer
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Where to store formulas and formula "constants"?

I want to implement a database driven payroll system using CSharp. I already did it once, but the implementation sucks so I want to do it again and do it right. My first thought is to create a static ...
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82 views

How to design software driver for the analog to digital converter?

I have been developing software driver for the analog to digital converter in C++. The a/d converter is primary intended for conversion of the temperature signals. The temperature signals are then ...
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371 views

Extensible / Plugin Architecture in Python - overwriting methods deep in the inheritance tree?

Current situation I'm developing a test-framework in python for end-to-end tests for a large ERP application. The AUT (application under test = ERP system) is structured in modules and provides a lot ...
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1answer
214 views

Dynamic Object Abilities When Saving State

I have n classes that extends from a State class, the purpose of the State class is to manage the state of the extended classes. For each class we need to save it in the database, remove it and select ...
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364 views

PHP OOP best practice to split low level class into two

What i got now is low level object that has bunch of methods and its difficult to navigate trough i want to break it down, however functions logically have same functionality just different ...
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Component needs to invoke class methods and instance methods (via ORM), how to structure

An interesting design choice/discussion has cropped up in code review, and I would like to understand more about proposed solutions. The original review includes re-factoring of a messy piece of code ...
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84 views

Modelling network and persistent entity representations

I have an app where I need to synchronize some entities (simply download latest versions of entities from server to client). Entity has bunch of text properties and bunch of resource links (referenced ...
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2answers
47 views

Getters and (static) processor vs multiple processor wrappers

I've got a class which stores two data series like so. I need to do some complicated processing on each of these arrays, but for now we'll just get the average of each data series. I could either do ...
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114 views

Scalable architecture design for managing data flow in C++ using an Observer design pattern

What I need I need a suitable and scalable solution to manage data flow between the classes in my C++ program. Why I need it Upon new feature requests, I'm continually adding new classes to the ...
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174 views

How to use polymorphism in embedded software?

I have been developing a control software in C++. From the high perspective the control task can be basically divided into several subtasks calculate unmeasurable physical quantity based on dynamic ...
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0answers
48 views

How does a framework manager, broker or coordinator class handle pluggable extensions and make them run?

I'm trying to understand if there is a manager/broker/coordinator class in frameworks and I hope so, but what possible ways are in a framework to make it run the pluggable extensions and what the term ...
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46 views

Splitting aggregate leads to inconsistencies in data

What I'm going for is something like GNUCash or any type of personal finance tracking software that looks similar to this: That is the main page listing all your accounts; then when you click an ...
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79 views

Expected behavior from client when thinking about design patterns?

I'm confused about the behavior I should expect from a client when thinking about design patterns. To be more precise, I'm reading the Head First Design Patterns book, and on the difference between ...
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77 views

Hierarchy of models while designing a client for a RESTful service

I am trying to write a client for a restful service. I am confused in designing the models. Below are the details: I have a Model named UnicastMessageRequest, it's definition is like this: ...
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design pattern/oop for large validation rule set

I'm writing this in node.js I have some data that needs validating before anything can be done with this. The data is validated in two different ways. I can use JSONSchema to validate the structure ...
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65 views

Is it okay to have an asymmetric relationship between entities in a JavaEE data model?

I'm having difficulties assessing a design decision regarding entity relations in a JavaEE persistence data model. Let's say I want to design a simple data model that's supposed to represent a ...
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357 views

Constructing a stateful allocator using an interface

I have the following abstract class which implements the "Allocator" concept, using policies and traits to customize behavior: #define FORWARD_ALLOCATOR_TRAITS(C) \ typedef ...
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293 views

How to decompose workflow's node classes DDD-way?

System model has Workflow container class, instances of which may contain subclasses of the Node class, specialized for different behaviors (eg, Initial, Intermediate1, Intermediate2, Final). There ...
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80 views

Hierarchical data structure: pull requests + pull request reviews + pull request review comments

GitHub has: pull requests pull request reviews pull request review comments BitBucket has only: pull requests pull request comments So there are three kinds of objects. I write code ...
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124 views

Should all classes and interfaces ultimately derive from one Class, and how does this affect type safety?

If I have "Object" as the top level class, then I have various interfaces, ISomething, ISomethingB, ISomethingC, then I have Class x,y,z, all ultimately deriving from the class Object (these ...
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508 views

How to Make Reusable Classes/Package in Laravel for Billing which uses PaymentExpress?

I am working on a Laravel Project where we are Payment Express. What currently we are doing is that we have Payment Express Class with static function (Not a single property) like given below: Class ...
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89 views

Creating duplicate instances of objects for timeline functionality

I am working on a Spring-MVC based project, in which I would like to add Timeline functionality. The most important object in our project is the Note, there are objects associated with it like ...
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Change object state in different point in program

This is not about whether or not getters/setters are wrong. I understand its impact to encapsulation and that question has been raised here and SO several times already. I also do not want to just ...
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254 views

Lazy loading collection data through granular subscriptions and OOP (Meteor.js)

I am transforming my Meteor collection to a class I've created: People = new Mongo.Collection('people', { transform: function(doc) { return new Person(doc); } }); Person has a bunch of ...
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155 views

C++ object design

I am programming a database similar to Cassandra. I use C++. Simplified database store its data in one or two "memory table" and several "disk tables", all stored in single directory. I have class ...
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367 views

How and where to make global function file in jsp sevlet web application

I am making a website in Servlet&JSP. I am looking for good way to make a specific function file from where I can call and declare my common functions. If I made a java file function. Java, so is ...
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383 views

How to separate out below tightly coupled classes

I have two classes which are somewhat tightly coupled to one another. Lets call them A and B. A derives from C and B derives from D. B is the class whose instance is created by the system and then B ...
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63 views

Adding new Interface & Replacing Method with Interface Type

Let's say that I have 2 classes: Foo and Bar. `Foo` { List<Bar> bars String bippy() int boop() } `Bar` { int biz() String baz() } Observe that Foo's fields include a List<Bar>. ...
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Class/Object with different sets of configurations, singletons etc (PHP)

I want to produce maintainable code for configuring one or multiple classes differently depending whether in a production or development environment. For example, making a Paypal class/object that ...
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0answers
94 views

using internal or external iterators over graph edges

I've written some code to manipulate sparse graphs for school work I'm doing, and I have an operation which requires me to loop over all the edges of a graph. The interface I need to implement is some ...
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1answer
79 views

Best way to code actions and their criteria/checks

I've been trying to make my code cleaner and I have came across an issue which I don't know what the best solution is. This is the code I want to "clean". Please bare in mind that I am refactoring ...
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2answers
576 views

Safety of magic setters in PHP

I don't know how in else languages, but in PHP seems to me that they are very unsafe way how to set value of any member variable - because one setter cannot easily validate input for many variables (...
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Is Controller a special kind of Indirection in GRASP Design pattern?

This is Indirection according to Wikipedia Assign the responsibility to an intermediate object to mediate between other components or services so that they are not directly coupled. Controller seems ...
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56 views

State Pattern: Changing object behavior based on more than one field and consistency between their values and state value

I'm Trying to learn about State Pattern. In most of State Pattern examples that I have seen, methods of class change their behavior based on just one field (I mean before applying State Pattern and I'...
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2answers
126 views

How to enforce matching, but unknown interfaces

I am challenging my OO design skills and started an ambitious project that is supposed to be highly reusable and extensible. It is supposed to be kind of a framework for evolutionary algorithms. Maybe ...
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32 views

Internal behavior VS external behavior with the count of method-parameter

Inspired by my own question + a fragment of Robert Bräutigams answer there: Tell one, but ask the others? i came up with this question here: let's take us the write method of a chatroom or any other ...
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How can I use the Factory pattern and expose my factories to consuming code without introducing transitive dependencies on the constructed types?

I have a C# class called FileTransferManager. Previously it took some parameters such as a username and password to connect to a FTP server. However now I have an additional requirement to support ...
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c# class structuring and appropriate coding techniques

I have 2 classes that share some properties public class SportsUser { public string errorCode { get; set; } //the sportsuser and SportsAdminUser is from a different database hence the long and ...
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1answer
171 views

DDD design: Tracking price calculation progress and fallback price calculation

I am pretty new to DDD, so any help/ideas will be appreciated. I will explain my initial design and problem below. The user can ask the system to generate products proposal, proposal is basically ...