# Questions tagged [problem-solving]

Problem solving encompasses a number of techniques known as algorithms, heuristics, root cause analysis, etc.

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### Conceptual approach to identifying duplicates

I'm not sure if this is the right stack exchange site for this, or maybe this is more of a reddit question, but don't rake me over the coals for asking. Happy to go post on another corner of the ...
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### Algorithm for floor tiling

I'm looking for an algorithm for placing tiles of different sizes within a complex area (all 2D) as randomly but efficiently as possible. I know the different dimensions of the tiles provided and the ...
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### How to measure how "changy" something is? [closed]

I need to think of a way to model how one thing is more "changy" than another. Say I need to index a news website's different news sections with some web crawler. I want to prioritise ...
498 views

### The problem of letting the receiver instead of the sender generate an ID

Lately I've encountered a similar problem in a few different circumstances, and every time it has required quite a bit of extra code to work around it. The problem I'm talking about is the one where ...
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1 vote
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### Rectangle packing / Bin packing with multiple frames

I have multiple rectangular frames, with different fixed heights. The width should be minimized and there is a maximum width. Then there are many different smaller rectangles. These should be packed ...
1 vote
217 views

### Which class of problems is this?

I’m working on a problem which I will try my best to describe: You have a stack of 5 blocks: labelled A, B, C, D and E. You also have a set of rules giving points if certain conditions are met, for ...
602 views

### Smallest Rubik's cube state representation

I'm trying to determine what is the fewest number of bits I need to represent the state of a Rubik's cube. (EDIT: I am assuming the cube is a valid Rubik's cube that has not been altered and only ...
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### How to identify rules satisfying a certain condition based on events

I am working on a microservice, in an event driven world, where I have tens of 1000s of rules configured which depend on data type A, B, C, D and so on. As soon as an event arrives I want to be able ...
224 views

### How to manage cart details across various devices

Recently I was asked in a interview to implement to e-commerce site . One of the requirement was to maintain cart details across various devices .(i.e) if user adds a book from his iPhone , and when ...
160 views

### How to resolve multiple user serve on multiple location appointment booking system

I'm trying to build an appointment system but at one point I stuck Problem: I define available slots for the next 7 days with help of a cron. I have multiple users serve service more than one ...
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### a valid ranking algorithm for facebook posts

I'm creating a website which will collect posts from facebook's pages to show to the users posts they are interested in (as my graduating project). I'd like to be able to rank the posts that contain ...
1 vote
169 views

### Determining resource exhaustion beforehand

I guess this is a problem solving question but I am out of ideas, don't really know where else I can resort for help, and I need to solve this problem. Essentially we have a set of consumers and a ...
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### How to reverse engineer URL routes from a bulk of HTTP requests/responses

I am building a web application crawler that crawls for HTTP requests (GET, PUT, POST, ...). It is designed for one specific purpose; bug bounty hunting. It enables pentesters to insert exploit ...
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### Trying to teach a high school student Dynamic Memory Allocation - what are the best ways to do so?

Copied from stack overflow due to feedback So I want to teach someone how to do dynamic memory allocation using the block padding model. What that means is every memory block is prefixed and ...
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### Practices for navigating uncertainty in software design

Background: So I'm trying to create my first game engine for learning purposes. After looking up a few articles I was able to design the beginning portions of my engine to at least get me going. My ...
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### Understanding of the Carry Flag Bit

Intel 8085: In my textbook it is said: "Carry Flag - this flag is the carry out from the MSB of the A-register. CY is set after an ADD instruction if carry out was generated from the A-register." I ...
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### Difficulties with Two's complement in Assembly

Everything discussed here will refer to Intel 8085 (8-bit architecture). When using two's complement number "conversion" : 1.) If we take SBI 0F (subtraction) for example; immediate value 0F(hex) or ...
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### What is this Algorithm called? [Traveling Salesman Problem]

I've been thinking about the Traveling Salesman Problem. In examining it and grids of cities, I noticed that I could frequently pick out the shortest route just by staring at it. Granted, I couldn't ...
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1 vote
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### Having trouble with AP computer science sample test problem

I am currently taking AP Computer Science at my high school and while looking at some sample AP test problems I came across one that really confused me. Sample Problem The answer to the problem is ...
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### Recognize bug or inability to solve a problem by yourself

How to recognize when there is a bug in program or you have an inability to solve concrete problem? I noticed when I concentrate too much time on a problem and can't find a solution, I am starting to ...
2k views

### What programming problems do Monads solve? [closed]

I've read a lot of posts that explain what monads are, how unit and bind work, some of them plunging straight into category theory so abstract (for me at least) that makes the eyes bleed, some ...
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### How do I have a group of numbers which total does not exceed a limit, and each number must be >= 0?

Suppose I have an array of n numbers. The rules for the array is as below: All the numbers must add up to 1000 If a number changes (positive or negative), all the other numbers in the array must be ...
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### Algorithm for calculating a bullet path to a target with max. 2 ricochets

Sorry for the poor title but I didn't have a better way to phrase it... So there's this amazing game by Nintendo (yes!) on Wii called WiiPlay. There're 9 minigames in it, and my favorite one is ...
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### Pairing 40 people over 20 days such that no pair is the same twice or more [duplicate]

I'm trying to figure out what algorithm / method I can use to figure out how to pair people together such that the pairs aren't repeated i.e. if a unique individual is denoted by Px where x is their "...
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1 vote
806 views

### Increment or double problem

I have a problem with an assignment. In this assignment I have to create a program which needs to calculate how many different possibilities are there to get from number a to b. To get from a to b you ...
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### scrabble solving with maximum score

I was asked a question You are given a list of characters, a score associated with each character and a dictionary of valid words ( say normal English dictionary ). you have to form a word out ...
1 vote
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### Turn over cards in minimum number of steps

Imagine you're given an array of cards. Some of them are facing down (0), while some of them are facing up (1). Is it possible for given fixed K to turn all the cards face-up by turning over any K ...
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### Genetic Algorithm's Tournament Selection limit to be selected

I started working again on a Genetic Algorithm and i'm trying a lot of operators and ways of selection. When I made the Tournament Selection , I noticed that it gets really easy to always get the top ...
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### How do developers deal with "where to start" problem in a context of overwhelming difficulties caused by too much heterogeneous information? [closed]

A friend of mine, a beginner PHP programmer, needs to link the product his company develops with a third-party product (a set of web services). He received the "relevant" documentation (a few hundred ...
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### Solving a probabilistic problem

So I am interested in Computational Investing and came across this problem on a wiki page: Write a program to discover the answer to this puzzle:"Let's say men and women are paid equally (from ...
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### Ranking players depending on decision making during a game

How would I go about a ranking system for players that play a game? Basically, looking at video games, players throughout the game make critical decisions that ultimately impact the end game result. ...
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### Setting permissions issue for admins and lower users in project

I am working in a jsp project an got stuck in a big problem. My project consist of accounts table for super admin, reseller, admin and users for executives and manager mapped in the account ...
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### What do you call a problem caused by a design flaw [closed]

Is there any terminology for a problem that is caused by a previous wrong decision? For example you build your own framework, with a flawed MVC design. This in turn leads to weird situations when ...
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### Genetic Algorithm new generation exponentially increasing

I'm programming Genetic Algorithm in C++ and after searching all kind of ways of doing GA'a operators (selection, crossover, mutation) I came up with a doubt. Let's say I have an initial population ...
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### Automatically analyze excel files

I have to replicate a manual generation of a large number of excel files. I started to manually track the relations between cells ( files, formulas, etc). I also had a talk with the person which ...
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### Does anybody recognize this scheduling problem? Is there an algorithm for it?

Consider the following problem: Description: There are n jobs J1...Jn with cycle times C1....Cn. Find a time quantum and a scheduling table considering that: any element of the table contains at ...
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### Estimed number of tries

Problem: The Oscar Committee wants to decide which person should get the best actor award among the given N actors.For that they decided to use a random function random_bit() which returns either 0 ...
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### How to avoid errors and not miss anything [duplicate]

I have a problem that is more serious than it might seem. I've been programming for about three years , and I have learned and improved a lot , I read the code easily to others, understand the ...
187 views

### Permutations of an array [closed]

I have an array of integers of length 20, filled with fourteen 0s, two 1s, two 2s and two 3s. It is like this: [0,0,0,3,0,2,0,0,3,0,0,0,1,0,2,0,0,1,0,0]. I need a way to list all of its 20!/(14! 2! 2!...
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### Optimistic & Pessimistic Programming - Ensuring multiple tasks are called only once for specific record

Let's say you have 10 database records which you need to process in the following way: Start Pull 2 records from the database with the 'Processed' flag set to 'false' Call the external web service ...
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1 vote
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### Are problem-solving programming questions useful for improving one's general programming ability?

For example, like: The inaugural International Olympiad in Frogleaping is being held in Australia in 2013 and you are determined to win. While you want nothing to do with such slimy, jumpy creatures, ...
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### Questions about the issue of getting stuck in a problem, and making snail's pace progress [closed]

Let me describe my background. I am currently a software developer co-op working at an architecture firm that has a large focus on research and development, mainly in mathematical modeling and ...
406 views

### Programming puzzle with constant selection

THE QUESTION: There is an event where there are N contestants. There are three tasks in the event: A,B,C (say). Each participant takes part in the events in the listed order: i.e a contestant must ...
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### Karger's algorithm for bin-packing?

I first came across that algorithm as the "Random minimum cut" algorithm. And recently a colleague was trying to pack a big quantity of small textures into one image file. Then it clicked - why not ...
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### How to detect root cause of problem or bug [closed]

Often in coding, I find it very slow and difficult to detect the root cause of a bug and sometimes I end up going to wrong point in my code. It's painful. I know that to detect the root cause of a bug ...
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### How to save during real-time collaboration

I want multiple users to edit same document. Problem I'm facing is when a new user joins, he might see an outdated document. How do I make sure that new users get most recent changes? Some solutions ...
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### Any tips in tackling extremely complex problems like the Hanoi Tower problem? [closed]

People often give me the "divide and conquer" tip, but I think for some problems it's not nearly enough. The problem with such a complex problem as the Hanoi Tower problem is that you can't even ...
1 vote
422 views

### Idea of the binary search main theorem

This link really provided some insights into the idea that binary search implications into the optimization problems by giving the main theorem. I am not really confident that I get the idea of the ...
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