Questions tagged [programming-languages]

Artificial languages for instructing computers to do steps of computation in order to complete tasks. They allow programmers to communicate with computers.

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Number of lines of code executed per line of code: Are there significant differences per language? [closed]

Having fewer lines of code per feature is typically better as it increases the developer productivity. Did anyone ever measure the number of code lines executions per line of code across multiple ...
Sebastian Wagner's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
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How are strings simultaneously objects and primitive data types in C#?

In C#, strings can be used like objects with methods, properties, and other features of objects. At the same time, strings are treated the same as primitive data types like int or float in numerous ...
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Learn a framework on a project, or mix languages between backend services [closed]

I am designing my next project, which will do various domain-specific tasks, but all that will be controlled and used via a generic crud web app. I have been professionally using Java with Spring for ...
rafal.sz's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Tagged pointers vs. fat pointers

I'm writing my own dynamic programming language. So far I've been using a tagged union for all values. Since this boxes primitive types needlessly, I've begun researching tagged pointers which seem to ...
Matheus Moreira's user avatar
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How do function inlining and Tail Call Optimization affect call stack?

I've just accidentally came across this answer about inlined functions and I'd like to know how this affects call stack. But I can't add comments because I don't have enough rep so I decided to ask ...
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Bytecode format and loading in language VMs

I am thinking about how to build a language VM. I have been able to get some of the basic constructs right, including jumps to functions within the chunk of bytecode that is currently loaded. But now ...
mydoghasworms's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
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What is the problem with whitespace in C that Ruby allegedly repeated?

I'm reading the book The Secret Life of Programs by Jonathan E. Steinhart. In it, he mentions in passing: many consider the handling of whitespace in Ruby to be a replay of of a mistake in the ...
tsvallender's user avatar
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2 answers
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Advantage of implicit/explicit declaration of global symbols (like functions)

In C and C++ we need to declare a function before its usage, if its definition comes after where it is called. (Well, there is also the "implicit declaration" rule in C, but it is rarely ...
Ma Joad's user avatar
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Is there a programming language other than Java, C#, and Go which includes null with its static object types?

I was reading the excellent book by Axel Raushmayer, Tackling TypeScript. In this section of Chapter 7, the author makes the interesting claim In many programming languages, null is part of all ...
Ray Toal's user avatar
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Is there a language agnostic interface for programming language interop?

There are many packages for creating bindings of a library that's written in one language to be called from another language. Some programming languages also include such interop in the standard ...
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Languages with PHP-like traits?

PHP have what it calls "traits" which despite the name is not like traits in Rust, Scala or other languages. In many other languages with support for traits, a trait create a is-a relation. ...
Fred's user avatar
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Why don't languages auto import everything?

Why is there a such thing as import in programming languages? If a package does not exist, then trying to import it would cause an error anyway. So why don't languages just auto import ALL available ...
user1345541's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is it a good idea to let keywords have different lexical rules from names of types, variables, functions, etc? [closed]

For example, keywords have a special prefix. Objective-C has @interface, @implementation, but that's for compatibility with C. It inherits all the C keywords of course, with no @. How about a language ...
Eugene's user avatar
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Is it true that variable type before name makes compiler work easier? [closed]

I have seen information that at least one of reasons why type placed before variable name is that it allows compiler easier evaluate size and type of variable. If so then how (what way) it eases this ...
Ya Y's user avatar
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Why do many programming languages lack standard vector types?

Many languages such as C or even C++ or C# or Java have no natively supported vector (SIMD) types or functionality. In such languages, one would have to either use non-standard extensions or third-...
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How to decide when to increase the minimum supported C++ standard version?

I'm maintaining a library written in C++, which offers modern-C++ bindings for another API that's C-ish (it's this one, although I'm trying to make this question somewhat more general). Now, when I ...
einpoklum's user avatar
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Are indirect implicit type declerations dangerous?

In the case of kotlin, rust and many other programming languages... There are variables with direct implicit type declarations... Where you can see the type of a variable at the same line where it's ...
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1 answer
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How is it possible to store the AST nodes location in the source code?

I created a simple parser in Rust and defined the AST like this: enum Expression { Number(i32), BinaryOperator(Box<Expression>, Operator, Box<Expression>), Identifier(String), }...
Iter Ator's user avatar
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1 answer
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Do the maintainers of JavaScript remove features?

Really dumb question. I really like the new feature called "optional chaining" in JavaScript, and it's used in quite a few places in my front end code. However, I am concerned that whoever ...
Rongeegee's user avatar
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Haskell where clause: is it more than just a matter of taste?

The traditional (Scheme, Pascal) way to structure code is this: declare outer function declare inner function body of inner function body of outer function The where clause in Haskell moves ...
ceving's user avatar
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I've a doubt regarding Environment Model of execution

I came across Environment Diagrams,it is described below Whenever Python needs to work with an object, that object is stored in memory; and, additionally, Python also needs a way to associate names ...
Dennis's user avatar
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2 answers
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Can access modifiers be completely replaced with programming to interfaces?

If we program to interfaces various parts of the implementation can be effectively hidden. We can define multiple interfaces for a single implementation and use them as needed, instead of 4 fixed ...
Ondrej Bozek's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
8k views

Is code written inline faster than using function calls?

I wrote some script in Python that creates a giant 2D matrix (1000x1000 or bigger) and fills it with random numbers. And after that, it goes through every element of the matrix and changes the number ...
devdevdove's user avatar
13 votes
8 answers
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How do compilers work in a language that doesn't allow recursion?

I'm recently learning the programming language, and I wonder how compilers work when the language itself does not allow recursion, like how the compiler or the runtime checkers makes sure that there ...
csxyyyyy's user avatar
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Managing a project with an unfamilar programming language

Is there any common wisdom for managing a software project in an unfamiliar programming language? Most software projects go for safety and use some mainstream language but some opt for a niche ...
Gergely's user avatar
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4 answers
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Block structured iteration and recursion

Programming languages traditionally have blocks that specifically cater to controlling iteration. There is the simple while-loop: while (i < 3) {...}; Then there is the more complicated for-loop: ...
Steve's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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Multidimensional vs nested arrays

A seemingly basic question here. Is there anything you can do with multidimensional arrays that you can't do with nested arrays? Many languages have been designed with both facilities and syntactical ...
Steve's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
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Could a language allow for persistent allocations without heap?

Is it possible in theory to have a programming language that allows for object lifetimes that exist beyond the current scope but without using heap? As a little background, in embedded development it ...
Jeff's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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What does "legacy signature" mean?

I see the term legacy signature a lot in the documentation of programming languages. For example in the php documentation : Passing the separator after the array (i.e. using the legacy signature) ...
Hicham Jerdaoui's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
675 views

Why does HTML collapse whitespace?

I've been trying to better understand (at least at a high level) why the early versions of HTML were designed the way they were. Most of the decisions make sense; I can deduce (at least at a high ...
Mathew Alden's user avatar
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What is it about kdb/q that makes the grammar not suitable for ANTLR style parser generators?

I want to build a code analysis tool for personal use when programming in kdb/q. In order to do this, I need to be able to parse q code into an AST. I have never written a parser before. ANTLR4 seems ...
Chechy Levas's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
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Do state machine based programs have a processing loop - or even exist?

Short Version If we had an application based on a state machine - transitioning between states to run the application: is repetition, and in fact the entire state machine, based on the presence of an ...
Ian Boyd's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
364 views

Moderate discussion on choice of programming language

Assume you have a small set of suitable programming languages (e.g., Python, C++, Julia), a clearly defined task (development of software services in the context of computational sciences), and a team ...
Unis's user avatar
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1 answer
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Excessively verbose and cryptic comparisons in Java

I don't know if this is the right place to ask more of a "philosophical" question. The more I code in Java, the more I have to bear with Comparable<T>. And the more I bear with this ...
Thomas Herondale's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
248 views

Why do most AST trees use classes instead of vectors

I've noticed that most AST tree implementations use classes for nodes instead of something like a vector. I want to ask, why do most people use classes? Are there issues to using vectors to make AST ...
StandingPad Animations's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
751 views

Implementing libraries for a programming language

Many programming languages have an implementation language (mostly a system language like C) which is used to implement important parts of the core of the language. Besides the libraries are written ...
Student's user avatar
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2 answers
263 views

Do lexers have to go word by word or can they go line by line

So I'm trying to write a interpreter with a lexer. Currently, it adds a token line by line and does some more processing later on. But when I look at sources online, they all seem to go word by word ...
StandingPad Animations's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
562 views

Is there a simple algorithm for generating unit tests given a function's code? [closed]

Given the abstract syntax tree (AST) of each line of a function's code, I am asked to generate code for that function's corresponding unit tests, similar to what Microsoft's IntelliTest tool does here:...
David Johnson's user avatar
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3 answers
800 views

Is it possible to make a compiler for any dynamic/script/interpreter language

Logically, not based on how cost we will spend or how much we will hire programmers to do it. Can we (Is it possible to) make a compiler for any dynamic/script/interpreter language, like Lua, Python, ...
Zaher Dirkey's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
172 views

Is there a language implemented as a neuron network?

Does there exist some language whose execution model is implemented as a neuron network, or maybe as some other type of a network/grid (e.g. network of finite automata)? That is, specifically, without ...
Al Berger's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Hot reloading anonymous functions in a custom scripting language

I am implementing anonymous functions (lambdas) in a scripting language that supports hot reloading. The language currently supports passing user defined functions (pointers) to plugin functions which ...
korri123's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
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How does the GLL parsing algorithm work?

I'm very interested in the topic of parsers, especially in the topic of parser combinators like Superpower. The problem with them is that the grammars that they can work with are a bit limited. For ...
SuperJMN's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
1k views

Do all dynamically typed languages not support function overloading?

I have noticed that JavaScript and PHP and Python do not support function overloading. Do all dynamically typed languages not support function overloading? If the answer is yes, then why is that?
William's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is it a good idea to implement a software application in C# and then convert it to Python? [closed]

My project is about an automatic HTML documentation generator. The final product can't be in C# because of some organizational and legal constraints. To my experience, Python is harder to debug than C#...
user366312's user avatar
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2 answers
157 views

Technology choice reasoning

I am tasked with making a program that will roughly have the same steps as a program that a former has written. The program that I'm trying to imitate doesn't seem to be open for extension, otherwise ...
lukaabra's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
308 views

Benefits of using a tokenizer/lexer before parsing for recusive descent parser

I am trying to build a static program analyzer for a proprietary progamming language for a school project, and am currently trying to implement the parser from scratch. I was wondering, what are the ...
Meowmi's user avatar
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13 votes
5 answers
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How can I simulate a "negative" type system?

In my experience, all languages I know have a sort of "positive" type system. What I mean by "positive type system" is that when you are writing the source code, you always specify ...
user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
5k views

Why don't languages like C have NAND operators?

I know that some languages like APL have a dedicated NAND operator, but I'm thinking about languages like C, C++, Java, Rust, Go, Swift, Kotlin, even instruction sets, etc. since these are the ...
Ky -'s user avatar
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-2 votes
2 answers
126 views

How are futures and speculations evaluated differently?

In Practical Foundation of Programming Languages 38 Futures and Speculations A future is a computation that is performed before it is value is needed. Like a suspension, a future represents a value ...
Tim's user avatar
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1 answer
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How can I tell if a library's execution model is the same as or different from the execution model of its base language?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Execution_model says A programming language consists of a grammar/syntax plus an execution model. The execution model specifies the behavior of elements of the language. ...
Tim's user avatar
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