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Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts related to the systems development life cycle

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0answers
61 views

Convert between enum and discriminated union

Is there a software pattern (or some recommended guidelines) for how to convert between enum values and discriminated unions? Or more specifically: project a discriminated union onto its enum case? ...
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2answers
154 views

What do you call a class that can be disabled [closed]

Is there a design pattern that fits this description? A factory that creates classes that can be disabled and enabled. The users of the class don't know if the functionality is enabled or disabled--...
3
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2answers
89 views

Name for “chained” version upgrades? [closed]

Consider two strategies for implementing an upgrade of something with multiple versions (e.g. upgrading an installation of some software). From any version, upgrade directly to the latest version. ...
1
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1answer
35 views

RFC2616 (HTTP/1.1) client vs user agent (sec 1.3)

In Section 1.3 Terminology, RFC2616 (HTTP/1.1) says: client: A program that establishes connections for the purpose of sending requests. user agent: The client which initiates a ...
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2answers
1k views

Stateful vs non-stateful app [closed]

I have been learning about stateful apps vs non-stateful, but I am still a bit confused on this topic. For example, let's say I have an app running on Node where users are assigned to random rooms as ...
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2answers
170 views

Does “Model” in MVC refer to the class or the instance?

Working on a Rails project at the moment, we're working on some mixin-type methods to provide descriptions for each of the models in the project. There's a method called model_description which ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Can we use the term “driver” for a software layer that doesn't access a physical device? [closed]

Say we have the following image (which is about Linux): Can we call the file systems boxes that are shown in the image (ext2, msdos, and minix) "file systems drivers", for example can we say that the ...
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1answer
247 views

What does it mean for an algorithm to be conservative? [closed]

Example: Minimum loss reduction required to make a further partition on a leaf node of the tree. The larger gamma is, the more conservative the algorithm will be.
2
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4answers
147 views

What is the name of DB design pattern which support only soft-deletes and soft-updates?

I heard that there is some DB design in relational databases where updating a record will create a new record with different timestamp or status. Also, deletion will be soft-delete (it updates the ...
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1answer
46 views

Terminology for time taken for a program to open [closed]

What do you call the time taken for a software to launch? Let's say a program or an associated file is clicked at t = t0 and the program loads open at t = t1. What is t1 - t0 called?
2
votes
2answers
155 views

What is the term for a client that does things on behalf of the server?

We are starting to have a few projects that have a design where a web server needs access to services/devices (think database connections and specialized hardware) that are on a local network. Instead ...
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1answer
52 views

What was the distinction between module interface files and module implementation files before Oberon?

I'm reading the book "The Go Programming Language" and this sentence in the preface section "The Origins of Go" has me puzzled: One major stream of influence comes from languages by Niklaus Wirth, ...
3
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2answers
102 views

What is the term for the side on which a variable type is written in a given language?

In the case that a type is specified, it could be on the left (before) or the right (after) of the variable name. For example, C, C# and Java have the type specified before the variable: int num = 5;...
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6answers
632 views

Is there a programming term that means property or field?

I think this question can span multiple languages, but in C# specifically there is a clear distinction between a field (ex: private int a;) and a property (ex: private int b { get; set; }). While ...
2
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2answers
381 views

As a scrum master, what am I to my team?

This is a question about terminology. If I say "I'm a developer, and the team I'm a part of does foo" then you'd understand my position. If I'm a scrum master (who is a scrum master for two teams), ...
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1answer
149 views

Is a GPL libary for MATLAB considered free software? [closed]

I would say no, because a MATLAB licence is required to run the software, but this point isn't completely clear to me. EDIT: This was a terminology question, not a request for legal advice.
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1answer
50 views

Term for user interfaces using characters to create “keyboard navigating menus”: GUI or CLI?

Does anyone know a term for these kind of user interfaces? Some examples: old BIOS menu of PCs safeboot menu of windows other old MSDOS applications running on fullscreen using "keyboard navigating ...
9
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1answer
224 views

Why is it called Software Configuration Management (SCM)?

When I think of software configuration, I think of a file that is read by runtime - said file would contain things like the port a server might use, whether to use encryption, and paths of various ...
1
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1answer
137 views

Accepted term for method that simply calls another method

Is there a generally accepted term for a method that does nothing more than calling another method (and returning its result)?
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3answers
9k views

What is the name for storing / packing many boolean states into one number?

It's a sort of simple compression where you use one numeric variable to store many boolean / binary states, using doubling and the fact that every doubling number is 1 + the sum of all the previous ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Descriptive short term for a field that has been set to read-only in anticipation of removal?

I'm currently writing a design to add the possibility to mark a field or attribute for an entity as read-only in preparation for imminent removal. The idea is that, once the field has been thus marked ...
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1answer
177 views

The Principle of Allowing One Way to accomplish a Task

What is the official name of the principle, in language design, where the language tries to offer one way of accomplishing a particular task (as opposed to have multiple ways of accomplishing the ...
2
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1answer
61 views

What is the difference between Web Workers and Service Workers in Progressive Web Apps

In the context of Progressive Web Apps (PWA) there are two terms that I am trying to better understand: Service Workers, and Web Workers. What is the difference between them and their intended use? ...
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2answers
126 views

Nomenclature for object inspection functionality

I'm adding mod support for a game I'm working on. I parse a data file that looks something like this: "requirements": { "is_class": { "class": "warrior" }, "is_in_faction": { "faction": "...
0
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0answers
98 views

Hierarchical state machine. Is there a term for the deepest nested state in a state configuration?

A flat state machine has one active state. In a hierarchical state machine (HSM), if the HSM is in a child state, it's also in it's parent state. So, an active state configuration of an HSM consists ...
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6answers
550 views

Models: two very different concepts

There are a lot of questions and answers about what a/the model is. Particularly when discussing where business logic belongs and the MVC pattern. There seem to be two concepts that need to be severed....
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1answer
159 views

Name of (anti?)pattern: helper class to implement free function

Suppose we have a publicly declared function Result ComputeResult(Foo foo); whose implementation is complex and requires some temporary data structures. I might break the implementation down into ...
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2answers
91 views

What's a good term for an R value of length 1?

What's a good term for an R value of length 1? In R, the simplest kind of value is an "atomic" vector with a primitive type like double, but it can have any length, so the term "atomic" is not what I ...
3
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2answers
162 views

What is 'DevOps'? [closed]

I've seen this word thrown around a lot so I looked it up. I've read through countless explanations but I'm still not sure what exactly DevOps is. From what I gathered, somehow the use of automation (...
11
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5answers
2k views

When is short-circuit evaluation bad?

To be a bit more clear, I'll state that I've spent lots of time with different languages. But until now it's been either it'll use it all the time or it doesn't support it at all. Now work has me ...
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0answers
39 views

Can Attribute and Property, Method and Function be used inter-changeably in Software world?

Some pairs like these: Method and Function Attribute and Property Argument and Parmameter etc. I use all the three pairs interchangeably when I speak to a peer. Do they have a very critical ...
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1answer
53 views

Terminology for plurality-agnostic objects

There's an interesting category of objects I've seen in jQuery and some other DOM tree traversal libraries. A traditional way of mutating nodes in a tree would work in some way like this: Elements ...
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8answers
6k views

Is there terminology for “true”ing, “false”ing, and toggling a boolean? [closed]

Lets say I am trying to describe my code in a technical meeting. First, I set the boolean foobar to true and Second, I set the boolean foobar to false seems a bit wordy. If foobar was ...
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1answer
48 views

What is the name for an object saving a cache of the result of operations as part of requests? [closed]

What is the conceptual term for a service that will respond to a request for a resource by: checking for its copy in a cache if it exists and isn't stale, returns it if it doesn't exist or is stale, ...
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1answer
99 views

Correct terminology for a table which provides “dynamic columns”

A common pattern in database design is to append dynamic columns to a table with a design like so: create table MasterTable ( Id int not null primary key , Name nvarchar(64) not null unique ...
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2answers
122 views

What is the collective term for software that couples UI code with business logic? [closed]

I.e. something that doesn't employ separation of concerns / use any form of UI architecture such as MVC, MVP etc. An example would be a Windows form that had a button which, once pressed (user ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Is there a term for a member of a relationship for which I do not know the exact relationship?

Let's say I have objects that have relationship references. These relationships could be parent-child, siblings, actor-reactor, publisher-subscriber, etc. but I don't want to restrict the ...
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2answers
577 views

Difference between sign extension and padding

I study computer science and I learn about sign extension. I wonder: Are sign extension and padding referring to the same technique?
1
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1answer
237 views

Usage of the word “Friday” [closed]

Summary: Is the usage of the word "Friday" to refer to released/old software or requirements something widely used and if so: is there a definition and/or reasoning behind this terminology? Longer ...
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2answers
129 views

Distinction between “timestamp” and “datetime” [closed]

Is it common to use "timestamp" to mean with time zone and "datetime" to mean without time zone?
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3answers
342 views

RESTful APIs: Terminology for Update Modes/Types

When designing a RESTful API, providing a spec for updating an entity will force the designer to make some decisions on how the update will behave (an update mode or type). Here are some of the modes ...
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1answer
69 views

Proof that computer communication only exists of function calls and events

I am writing a paper about the use of a message broker for inter-process communication where I state that all computer communications can be broken down into two categories: Function calls Events My ...
2
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2answers
445 views

Polymorphism based on number of arguments?

I've heard that changing a function's behaviour based on argument type is called ad hoc polymorphism: program Adhoc; function Add(x, y : Integer) : Integer; begin Add := x + y end; function Add(...
2
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1answer
232 views

What's the name for the bugs known on the release

Many of us have that experience where you had to release a product that you know has the bugs in it while the development. The situation being rushed deadlines, the severity of the bug... What do you ...
2
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2answers
139 views

Is there a name for a function that grabs a field from an object?

When passing around functions the term "predicate" is often used for a [short] function that returns a boolean. Is there a term for a function that selects a single field on an object? For example ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Terminology for (data groups) enums?

I'm wondering if there is a any standardised terminology surrounding the following concept so I can try and research some best practices... here we go In my current place of work on our database we ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Building a solid vocabulary when working in a specific domain

This question might be a bit vague and answers might come up quite opinionated but I don't know how to rephrase it so here it goes. How can a developer build a solid vocabulary when working in a ...
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2answers
182 views

Term for refactoring looping logic for an event loop

Constrained by a main loop outside of my control (eg: UI event loop, game loop, etc...), I have a slow (relative to the main loop's expectations) algorithm involving a loop. Thus, I have to ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the term for different types that contain the same information?

What is the correct term(s) for different types that contain exactly the same information? For example (F#): type Type1 = (int * string) type Type2 = (string * int) When describing that these types ...
3
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2answers
464 views

How is layer between MVC controller and back-end called?

I have ASP.NET MVC application with the following controller and action: public class AccountsController { public ActionResult Index() { var accounts = _accountsManager.GetAccounts();...