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Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts related to the systems development life cycle

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2answers
84 views

Negation of sameness is confirmation of difference [closed]

De Morgan's laws: the negation of a disjunction is the conjunction of the negations; and the negation of a conjunction is the disjunction of the negations; or, the same: not (A or B) = not A and ...
2
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1answer
240 views

Guard block moved to the bottom [closed]

Sometimes it is a good idea to have a guard block: https://softwareengineering.stackexchange.com/a/157413 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guard_(computer_science) Guard block guards against special ...
46
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11answers
6k views

The meaning of asynchronous vs synchronous [closed]

What is the meaning of the words asynchronous and synchronous in computer science? If you google the meaning of the words you will get the following: Asynchronous: not existing or occurring at the ...
47
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6answers
6k views

Is a memoized pure function itself considered pure?

Let’s say fn(x) is a pure function that does something expensive, like returning a list of the prime factors of x. And let’s say we make a memoized version of the same function called memoizedFn(x). ...
4
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2answers
395 views

Am I Over-Engineering if I add some code for the unknown future? [duplicate]

Look at this code: Console.WriteLine(user.name); Console.WriteLine("**********"); // 10 stars //... Tomorrow, I needed to use 20 stars instead 10 stars. Okay I would change it: Console.WriteLine(...
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2answers
72 views

Is the .lib file generated for use with a .dll still a static library?

We've been having some debate in the office as to the names used to describe C++ .lib and .dlls When creating a statically linked library, you end up with a .lib file. When creating a dynamically ...
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1answer
77 views

Is it accurate to call Webpack and/or Babel a compiler? [closed]

I'm curious about the terminology for compilers with JavaScript. When you're writing about or describing technologies like Webpack (bundles multiple files into one, and performs optimization) and ...
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2answers
155 views

What is the word for when an object/function/module has too many dependents? [closed]

Suppose I have a function (or object or module) that is imported by 100 files, and that making a change in the function will affect all these 100 things that depends on it, possibly breaking them. ...
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3answers
90 views

Unit Tests vs System Tests

I've always know Unit Tests to be something you do in code. You write functions to test other functions. Our team has been working with the same project manager for a while now and he's always ...
4
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2answers
396 views

Terminology: Blue-Green deployment

Let's say your organization uses a blue-green deployment model. Simple question: After Blue has gone live, do you rename it to Green, and the server(s) formerly known as Green now becomes Blue? Or ...
1
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0answers
64 views

Convert between enum and discriminated union

Is there a software pattern (or some recommended guidelines) for how to convert between enum values and discriminated unions? Or more specifically: project a discriminated union onto its enum case? ...
1
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2answers
156 views

What do you call a class that can be disabled [closed]

Is there a design pattern that fits this description? A factory that creates classes that can be disabled and enabled. The users of the class don't know if the functionality is enabled or disabled--...
3
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2answers
91 views

Name for “chained” version upgrades? [closed]

Consider two strategies for implementing an upgrade of something with multiple versions (e.g. upgrading an installation of some software). From any version, upgrade directly to the latest version. ...
1
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1answer
39 views

RFC2616 (HTTP/1.1) client vs user agent (sec 1.3)

In Section 1.3 Terminology, RFC2616 (HTTP/1.1) says: client: A program that establishes connections for the purpose of sending requests. user agent: The client which initiates a ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Stateful vs non-stateful app [closed]

I have been learning about stateful apps vs non-stateful, but I am still a bit confused on this topic. For example, let's say I have an app running on Node where users are assigned to random rooms as ...
0
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2answers
189 views

Does “Model” in MVC refer to the class or the instance?

Working on a Rails project at the moment, we're working on some mixin-type methods to provide descriptions for each of the models in the project. There's a method called model_description which ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Can we use the term “driver” for a software layer that doesn't access a physical device? [closed]

Say we have the following image (which is about Linux): Can we call the file systems boxes that are shown in the image (ext2, msdos, and minix) "file systems drivers", for example can we say that the ...
-1
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1answer
335 views

What does it mean for an algorithm to be conservative? [closed]

Example: Minimum loss reduction required to make a further partition on a leaf node of the tree. The larger gamma is, the more conservative the algorithm will be.
2
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4answers
150 views

What is the name of DB design pattern which support only soft-deletes and soft-updates?

I heard that there is some DB design in relational databases where updating a record will create a new record with different timestamp or status. Also, deletion will be soft-delete (it updates the ...
-1
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1answer
47 views

Terminology for time taken for a program to open [closed]

What do you call the time taken for a software to launch? Let's say a program or an associated file is clicked at t = t0 and the program loads open at t = t1. What is t1 - t0 called?
2
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2answers
157 views

What is the term for a client that does things on behalf of the server?

We are starting to have a few projects that have a design where a web server needs access to services/devices (think database connections and specialized hardware) that are on a local network. Instead ...
0
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1answer
61 views

What was the distinction between module interface files and module implementation files before Oberon?

I'm reading the book "The Go Programming Language" and this sentence in the preface section "The Origins of Go" has me puzzled: One major stream of influence comes from languages by Niklaus Wirth, ...
3
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2answers
107 views

What is the term for the side on which a variable type is written in a given language?

In the case that a type is specified, it could be on the left (before) or the right (after) of the variable name. For example, C, C# and Java have the type specified before the variable: int num = 5;...
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6answers
637 views

Is there a programming term that means property or field?

I think this question can span multiple languages, but in C# specifically there is a clear distinction between a field (ex: private int a;) and a property (ex: private int b { get; set; }). While ...
2
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2answers
389 views

As a scrum master, what am I to my team?

This is a question about terminology. If I say "I'm a developer, and the team I'm a part of does foo" then you'd understand my position. If I'm a scrum master (who is a scrum master for two teams), ...
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1answer
160 views

Is a GPL libary for MATLAB considered free software? [closed]

I would say no, because a MATLAB licence is required to run the software, but this point isn't completely clear to me. EDIT: This was a terminology question, not a request for legal advice.
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1answer
51 views

Term for user interfaces using characters to create “keyboard navigating menus”: GUI or CLI?

Does anyone know a term for these kind of user interfaces? Some examples: old BIOS menu of PCs safeboot menu of windows other old MSDOS applications running on fullscreen using "keyboard navigating ...
9
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1answer
244 views

Why is it called Software Configuration Management (SCM)?

When I think of software configuration, I think of a file that is read by runtime - said file would contain things like the port a server might use, whether to use encryption, and paths of various ...
1
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1answer
168 views

Accepted term for method that simply calls another method

Is there a generally accepted term for a method that does nothing more than calling another method (and returning its result)?
55
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3answers
9k views

What is the name for storing / packing many boolean states into one number?

It's a sort of simple compression where you use one numeric variable to store many boolean / binary states, using doubling and the fact that every doubling number is 1 + the sum of all the previous ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Descriptive short term for a field that has been set to read-only in anticipation of removal?

I'm currently writing a design to add the possibility to mark a field or attribute for an entity as read-only in preparation for imminent removal. The idea is that, once the field has been thus marked ...
-1
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1answer
187 views

The Principle of Allowing One Way to accomplish a Task

What is the official name of the principle, in language design, where the language tries to offer one way of accomplishing a particular task (as opposed to have multiple ways of accomplishing the ...
2
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1answer
73 views

What is the difference between Web Workers and Service Workers in Progressive Web Apps

In the context of Progressive Web Apps (PWA) there are two terms that I am trying to better understand: Service Workers, and Web Workers. What is the difference between them and their intended use? ...
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2answers
127 views

Nomenclature for object inspection functionality

I'm adding mod support for a game I'm working on. I parse a data file that looks something like this: "requirements": { "is_class": { "class": "warrior" }, "is_in_faction": { "faction": "...
0
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0answers
127 views

Hierarchical state machine. Is there a term for the deepest nested state in a state configuration?

A flat state machine has one active state. In a hierarchical state machine (HSM), if the HSM is in a child state, it's also in it's parent state. So, an active state configuration of an HSM consists ...
2
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6answers
703 views

Models: two very different concepts

There are a lot of questions and answers about what a/the model is. Particularly when discussing where business logic belongs and the MVC pattern. There seem to be two concepts that need to be severed....
1
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1answer
165 views

Name of (anti?)pattern: helper class to implement free function

Suppose we have a publicly declared function Result ComputeResult(Foo foo); whose implementation is complex and requires some temporary data structures. I might break the implementation down into ...
-1
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2answers
91 views

What's a good term for an R value of length 1?

What's a good term for an R value of length 1? In R, the simplest kind of value is an "atomic" vector with a primitive type like double, but it can have any length, so the term "atomic" is not what I ...
3
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2answers
168 views

What is 'DevOps'? [closed]

I've seen this word thrown around a lot so I looked it up. I've read through countless explanations but I'm still not sure what exactly DevOps is. From what I gathered, somehow the use of automation (...
11
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5answers
3k views

When is short-circuit evaluation bad?

To be a bit more clear, I'll state that I've spent lots of time with different languages. But until now it's been either it'll use it all the time or it doesn't support it at all. Now work has me ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Can Attribute and Property, Method and Function be used inter-changeably in Software world?

Some pairs like these: Method and Function Attribute and Property Argument and Parmameter etc. I use all the three pairs interchangeably when I speak to a peer. Do they have a very critical ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Terminology for plurality-agnostic objects

There's an interesting category of objects I've seen in jQuery and some other DOM tree traversal libraries. A traditional way of mutating nodes in a tree would work in some way like this: Elements ...
23
votes
8answers
6k views

Is there terminology for “true”ing, “false”ing, and toggling a boolean? [closed]

Lets say I am trying to describe my code in a technical meeting. First, I set the boolean foobar to true and Second, I set the boolean foobar to false seems a bit wordy. If foobar was ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

What is the name for an object saving a cache of the result of operations as part of requests? [closed]

What is the conceptual term for a service that will respond to a request for a resource by: checking for its copy in a cache if it exists and isn't stale, returns it if it doesn't exist or is stale, ...
-2
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1answer
109 views

Correct terminology for a table which provides “dynamic columns”

A common pattern in database design is to append dynamic columns to a table with a design like so: create table MasterTable ( Id int not null primary key , Name nvarchar(64) not null unique ...
-1
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2answers
127 views

What is the collective term for software that couples UI code with business logic? [closed]

I.e. something that doesn't employ separation of concerns / use any form of UI architecture such as MVC, MVP etc. An example would be a Windows form that had a button which, once pressed (user ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Is there a term for a member of a relationship for which I do not know the exact relationship?

Let's say I have objects that have relationship references. These relationships could be parent-child, siblings, actor-reactor, publisher-subscriber, etc. but I don't want to restrict the ...
0
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2answers
745 views

Difference between sign extension and padding

I study computer science and I learn about sign extension. I wonder: Are sign extension and padding referring to the same technique?
1
vote
1answer
256 views

Usage of the word “Friday” [closed]

Summary: Is the usage of the word "Friday" to refer to released/old software or requirements something widely used and if so: is there a definition and/or reasoning behind this terminology? Longer ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Distinction between “timestamp” and “datetime” [closed]

Is it common to use "timestamp" to mean with time zone and "datetime" to mean without time zone?