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Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts related to the systems development life cycle

0
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2answers
166 views

Does “Model” in MVC refer to the class or the instance?

Working on a Rails project at the moment, we're working on some mixin-type methods to provide descriptions for each of the models in the project. There's a method called model_description which ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Can we use the term “driver” for a software layer that doesn't access a physical device? [closed]

Say we have the following image (which is about Linux): Can we call the file systems boxes that are shown in the image (ext2, msdos, and minix) "file systems drivers", for example can we say that the ...
-1
votes
1answer
191 views

What does it mean for an algorithm to be conservative? [closed]

Example: Minimum loss reduction required to make a further partition on a leaf node of the tree. The larger gamma is, the more conservative the algorithm will be.
2
votes
4answers
142 views

What is the name of DB design pattern which support only soft-deletes and soft-updates?

I heard that there is some DB design in relational databases where updating a record will create a new record with different timestamp or status. Also, deletion will be soft-delete (it updates the ...
-2
votes
1answer
44 views

Terminology for time taken for a program to open [closed]

What do you call the time taken for a software to launch? Let's say a program or an associated file is clicked at t = t0 and the program loads open at t = t1. What is t1 - t0 called?
2
votes
2answers
154 views

What is the term for a client that does things on behalf of the server?

We are starting to have a few projects that have a design where a web server needs access to services/devices (think database connections and specialized hardware) that are on a local network. Instead ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

What was the distinction between module interface files and module implementation files before Oberon?

I'm reading the book "The Go Programming Language" and this sentence in the preface section "The Origins of Go" has me puzzled: One major stream of influence comes from languages by Niklaus Wirth, ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

What is the term for the side on which a variable type is written in a given language?

In the case that a type is specified, it could be on the left (before) or the right (after) of the variable name. For example, C, C# and Java have the type specified before the variable: int num = 5;...
5
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6answers
629 views

Is there a programming term that means property or field?

I think this question can span multiple languages, but in C# specifically there is a clear distinction between a field (ex: private int a;) and a property (ex: private int b { get; set; }). While ...
2
votes
3answers
377 views

As a scrum master, what am I to my team?

This is a question about terminology. If I say "I'm a developer, and the team I'm a part of does foo" then you'd understand my position. If I'm a scrum master (who is a scrum master for two teams), ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Is a GPL libary for MATLAB considered free software? [closed]

I would say no, because a MATLAB licence is required to run the software, but this point isn't completely clear to me. EDIT: This was a terminology question, not a request for legal advice.
0
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1answer
50 views

Term for user interfaces using characters to create “keyboard navigating menus”: GUI or CLI?

Does anyone know a term for these kind of user interfaces? Some examples: old BIOS menu of PCs safeboot menu of windows other old MSDOS applications running on fullscreen using "keyboard navigating ...
9
votes
1answer
217 views

Why is it called Software Configuration Management (SCM)?

When I think of software configuration, I think of a file that is read by runtime - said file would contain things like the port a server might use, whether to use encryption, and paths of various ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Accepted term for method that simply calls another method

Is there a generally accepted term for a method that does nothing more than calling another method (and returning its result)?
54
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3answers
9k views

What is the name for storing / packing many boolean states into one number?

It's a sort of simple compression where you use one numeric variable to store many boolean / binary states, using doubling and the fact that every doubling number is 1 + the sum of all the previous ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Descriptive short term for a field that has been set to read-only in anticipation of removal?

I'm currently writing a design to add the possibility to mark a field or attribute for an entity as read-only in preparation for imminent removal. The idea is that, once the field has been thus marked ...
-1
votes
1answer
175 views

The Principle of Allowing One Way to accomplish a Task

What is the official name of the principle, in language design, where the language tries to offer one way of accomplishing a particular task (as opposed to have multiple ways of accomplishing the ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

What is the difference between Web Workers and Service Workers in Progressive Web Apps

In the context of Progressive Web Apps (PWA) there are two terms that I am trying to better understand: Service Workers, and Web Workers. What is the difference between them and their intended use? ...
0
votes
2answers
124 views

Nomenclature for object inspection functionality

I'm adding mod support for a game I'm working on. I parse a data file that looks something like this: "requirements": { "is_class": { "class": "warrior" }, "is_in_faction": { "faction": "...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Hierarchical state machine. Is there a term for the deepest nested state in a state configuration?

A flat state machine has one active state. In a hierarchical state machine (HSM), if the HSM is in a child state, it's also in it's parent state. So, an active state configuration of an HSM consists ...
2
votes
6answers
475 views

Models: two very different concepts

There are a lot of questions and answers about what a/the model is. Particularly when discussing where business logic belongs and the MVC pattern. There seem to be two concepts that need to be severed....
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Name of (anti?)pattern: helper class to implement free function

Suppose we have a publicly declared function Result ComputeResult(Foo foo); whose implementation is complex and requires some temporary data structures. I might break the implementation down into ...
-1
votes
2answers
91 views

What's a good term for an R value of length 1?

What's a good term for an R value of length 1? In R, the simplest kind of value is an "atomic" vector with a primitive type like double, but it can have any length, so the term "atomic" is not what I ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

What is 'DevOps'? [closed]

I've seen this word thrown around a lot so I looked it up. I've read through countless explanations but I'm still not sure what exactly DevOps is. From what I gathered, somehow the use of automation (...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

When is short-circuit evaluation bad?

To be a bit more clear, I'll state that I've spent lots of time with different languages. But until now it's been either it'll use it all the time or it doesn't support it at all. Now work has me ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Can Attribute and Property, Method and Function be used inter-changeably in Software world?

Some pairs like these: Method and Function Attribute and Property Argument and Parmameter etc. I use all the three pairs interchangeably when I speak to a peer. Do they have a very critical ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

Terminology for plurality-agnostic objects

There's an interesting category of objects I've seen in jQuery and some other DOM tree traversal libraries. A traditional way of mutating nodes in a tree would work in some way like this: Elements ...
23
votes
8answers
6k views

Is there terminology for “true”ing, “false”ing, and toggling a boolean? [closed]

Lets say I am trying to describe my code in a technical meeting. First, I set the boolean foobar to true and Second, I set the boolean foobar to false seems a bit wordy. If foobar was ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

What is the name for an object saving a cache of the result of operations as part of requests? [closed]

What is the conceptual term for a service that will respond to a request for a resource by: checking for its copy in a cache if it exists and isn't stale, returns it if it doesn't exist or is stale, ...
-2
votes
1answer
96 views

Correct terminology for a table which provides “dynamic columns”

A common pattern in database design is to append dynamic columns to a table with a design like so: create table MasterTable ( Id int not null primary key , Name nvarchar(64) not null unique ...
-1
votes
2answers
122 views

What is the collective term for software that couples UI code with business logic? [closed]

I.e. something that doesn't employ separation of concerns / use any form of UI architecture such as MVC, MVP etc. An example would be a Windows form that had a button which, once pressed (user ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Is there a term for a member of a relationship for which I do not know the exact relationship?

Let's say I have objects that have relationship references. These relationships could be parent-child, siblings, actor-reactor, publisher-subscriber, etc. but I don't want to restrict the ...
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2answers
495 views

Difference between sign extension and padding

I study computer science and I learn about sign extension. I wonder: Are sign extension and padding referring to the same technique?
1
vote
1answer
227 views

Usage of the word “Friday” [closed]

Summary: Is the usage of the word "Friday" to refer to released/old software or requirements something widely used and if so: is there a definition and/or reasoning behind this terminology? Longer ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Distinction between “timestamp” and “datetime” [closed]

Is it common to use "timestamp" to mean with time zone and "datetime" to mean without time zone?
0
votes
3answers
318 views

RESTful APIs: Terminology for Update Modes/Types

When designing a RESTful API, providing a spec for updating an entity will force the designer to make some decisions on how the update will behave (an update mode or type). Here are some of the modes ...
-3
votes
1answer
69 views

Proof that computer communication only exists of function calls and events

I am writing a paper about the use of a message broker for inter-process communication where I state that all computer communications can be broken down into two categories: Function calls Events My ...
2
votes
2answers
434 views

Polymorphism based on number of arguments?

I've heard that changing a function's behaviour based on argument type is called ad hoc polymorphism: program Adhoc; function Add(x, y : Integer) : Integer; begin Add := x + y end; function Add(...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

What's the name for the bugs known on the release

Many of us have that experience where you had to release a product that you know has the bugs in it while the development. The situation being rushed deadlines, the severity of the bug... What do you ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

Is there a name for a function that grabs a field from an object?

When passing around functions the term "predicate" is often used for a [short] function that returns a boolean. Is there a term for a function that selects a single field on an object? For example ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Terminology for (data groups) enums?

I'm wondering if there is a any standardised terminology surrounding the following concept so I can try and research some best practices... here we go In my current place of work on our database we ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Building a solid vocabulary when working in a specific domain

This question might be a bit vague and answers might come up quite opinionated but I don't know how to rephrase it so here it goes. How can a developer build a solid vocabulary when working in a ...
-5
votes
2answers
180 views

Term for refactoring looping logic for an event loop

Constrained by a main loop outside of my control (eg: UI event loop, game loop, etc...), I have a slow (relative to the main loop's expectations) algorithm involving a loop. Thus, I have to ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the term for different types that contain the same information?

What is the correct term(s) for different types that contain exactly the same information? For example (F#): type Type1 = (int * string) type Type2 = (string * int) When describing that these types ...
3
votes
2answers
425 views

How is layer between MVC controller and back-end called?

I have ASP.NET MVC application with the following controller and action: public class AccountsController { public ActionResult Index() { var accounts = _accountsManager.GetAccounts();...
4
votes
3answers
214 views

Term for changes that do not include changes to product functionality

What is a good term to use for when I want to describe changes to the codebase that does not involve changing or adding functionality. This would include bug fixes, security patching -- including ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

What is exactly meant by the term “API client”

I'm reading Robert Sedgewick's Algorithms book and I often see the term API client. Please take a look at this exercise: Write an iterable Stack client that has a static method copy() that takes a ...
103
votes
6answers
15k views

What is a domain?

I see this term a lot in the context of software architecture ("domain-model", "domain-driven-design" etc.). I have googled it, but I get tons of different definitions. So what is it really?
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1answer
75 views

how to name the data you need to create an object? [duplicate]

Imagine you have a user object that holds the following data: id, name, email, telephone, address, created date, last update date. To create the user you only need a subset of these properties: name, ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is “golden files”?

This doc states the following: If you happen to modify the public API of Angular, API golden files must be updated using... Also this commit has the following heading: fix: public API golden ...