Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts related to the systems development life cycle

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3
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1answer
201 views

Guard block moved to the bottom

Sometimes it is a good idea to have a guard block: https://softwareengineering.stackexchange.com/a/157413 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guard_(computer_science) Guard block guards against special ...
-2
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0answers
44 views

What is the term I am looking for in the phrase “hard-coding is to variable values as (blank) is to models and functions”?

I've been trying to evaluate the pros and cons of writing a system that generates data reports in two different approaches, but I am trying to talk about these different approaches as general concepts....
47
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11answers
6k views

The meaning of asynchronous vs synchronous [closed]

What is the meaning of the words asynchronous and synchronous in computer science? If you google the meaning of the words you will get the following: Asynchronous: not existing or occurring at the ...
63
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1answer
20k views

Java: “Heap pollution” [closed]

A "Heap Pollution" as in Non-Reifiable Types (The Java™ Tutorials > Learning the Java Language > Generics (Updated)) Why is it called that way?
47
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6answers
6k views

Is a memoized pure function itself considered pure?

Let’s say fn(x) is a pure function that does something expensive, like returning a list of the prime factors of x. And let’s say we make a memoized version of the same function called memoizedFn(x). ...
38
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5answers
86k views

Programming Language vs Markup Language vs Scripting Language

Up until now I don't know the KEY differences between these three. When someone asks me about this, I only tell them that C# is a programming language, HTML and XML are Markup Languages, and ...
4
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2answers
559 views

How is layer between MVC controller and back-end called?

I have ASP.NET MVC application with the following controller and action: public class AccountsController { public ActionResult Index() { var accounts = _accountsManager.GetAccounts();...
42
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4answers
26k views

Which way are downstream and upstream services?

For a system that consist of multiple services calling each other (e.g. Front End -> Backend -> Storage), I often heard people using terminology such as "downstream" or "upstream" services. I'm not ...
4
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2answers
386 views

Am I Over-Engineering if I add some code for the unknown future? [duplicate]

Look at this code: Console.WriteLine(user.name); Console.WriteLine("**********"); // 10 stars //... Tomorrow, I needed to use 20 stars instead 10 stars. Okay I would change it: Console.WriteLine(...
1
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2answers
208 views

Is Web application a Web service?

According to W3C: Web service is a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network. It has an interface described in a machine-processable format ...
2
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2answers
70 views

Is the .lib file generated for use with a .dll still a static library?

We've been having some debate in the office as to the names used to describe C++ .lib and .dlls When creating a statically linked library, you end up with a .lib file. When creating a dynamically ...
24
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3answers
8k views

What does 'opinionated software' really mean?

I've seen a lot of other framework/library developers throw the phrase 'we write opinionated software' around, but in practical terms, what does that really mean? Does it mean that the author of the '...
0
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1answer
77 views

Is it accurate to call Webpack and/or Babel a compiler? [closed]

I'm curious about the terminology for compilers with JavaScript. When you're writing about or describing technologies like Webpack (bundles multiple files into one, and performs optimization) and ...
4
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2answers
391 views

Terminology: Blue-Green deployment

Let's say your organization uses a blue-green deployment model. Simple question: After Blue has gone live, do you rename it to Green, and the server(s) formerly known as Green now becomes Blue? Or ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

What is the word for when an object/function/module has too many dependents? [closed]

Suppose I have a function (or object or module) that is imported by 100 files, and that making a change in the function will affect all these 100 things that depends on it, possibly breaking them. ...
0
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3answers
88 views

Unit Tests vs System Tests

I've always know Unit Tests to be something you do in code. You write functions to test other functions. Our team has been working with the same project manager for a while now and he's always ...
106
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8answers
95k views

The difference between “concurrent” and “parallel” execution?

What is the difference between the terms concurrent and parallel execution? I've never quite been able to grasp the distinction. The tag defines concurrency as a manner of running two processes ...
5
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3answers
387 views

Why is it called network “topology”? Why not network “graph”?

I want to understand why we use the term "network topology" as opposed to "network graph", or another term, to talk about the structure of networks. I'm working on a network design for a project, and ...
4
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2answers
457 views

Correct terminology for if-blocks

I am using lex/yacc to parse a simple language which allows 'if blocks': IF something something [ELSE IF something][ELSE] END IF and also other nested logic under a 'DEFINE' statement: DEFINE ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

RFC2616 (HTTP/1.1) client vs user agent (sec 1.3)

In Section 1.3 Terminology, RFC2616 (HTTP/1.1) says: client: A program that establishes connections for the purpose of sending requests. user agent: The client which initiates a ...
35
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10answers
124k views

Difference between a defect and a bug in testing?

What is the difference between a defect and a bug?
20
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7answers
26k views

Are the terms stable and reliable interchangeable?

Is there a difference between stability and reliability (at least in software engineering context) or can they be used interchangeably? If not, what would be some examples of reliable but not ...
42
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10answers
30k views

What defines robust code?

My professor keeps referring to this Java example when he speaks of "robust" code: if (var == true) { ... } else if (var == false) { ... } else { ... } He claims that "robust code" means ...
1
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0answers
63 views

Convert between enum and discriminated union

Is there a software pattern (or some recommended guidelines) for how to convert between enum values and discriminated unions? Or more specifically: project a discriminated union onto its enum case? ...
1
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2answers
154 views

What do you call a class that can be disabled [closed]

Is there a design pattern that fits this description? A factory that creates classes that can be disabled and enabled. The users of the class don't know if the functionality is enabled or disabled--...
3
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2answers
91 views

Name for “chained” version upgrades? [closed]

Consider two strategies for implementing an upgrade of something with multiple versions (e.g. upgrading an installation of some software). From any version, upgrade directly to the latest version. ...
4
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1answer
987 views

Why is '|' used as the OR operator in so many programming languages?

The Vertical Bar Operator (|) is used in a variety of constants to mean OR in some way: C-style languages use a | b to mean bitwise OR of a and b, a || b to mean logical OR of a and b. Regular ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Stateful vs non-stateful app [closed]

I have been learning about stateful apps vs non-stateful, but I am still a bit confused on this topic. For example, let's say I have an app running on Node where users are assigned to random rooms as ...
2
votes
2answers
335 views

What's the noun for the result of an iteration?

I'm commenting some code right now, and I'm looking for a word meaning the thing being iterated over. Iterator is an object performing an iteration, but what's the object that the iterator is ...
10
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7answers
2k views

Violation of the DRY Principle

I am sure there's a name for this anti-pattern somewhere; however I am not familiar enough with the anti-pattern literature to know it. Consider the following scenario: or0 is a member function in a ...
0
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2answers
184 views

Does “Model” in MVC refer to the class or the instance?

Working on a Rails project at the moment, we're working on some mixin-type methods to provide descriptions for each of the models in the project. There's a method called model_description which ...
-4
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2answers
17k views

What are the differences between operating systems and computer systems?

Wikipedia's definition of a "computer system" is: Computer system is define as the combination of hardware software user and data with referring to communication and procedure involved in between ...
2
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1answer
104 views

Can we use the term “driver” for a software layer that doesn't access a physical device? [closed]

Say we have the following image (which is about Linux): Can we call the file systems boxes that are shown in the image (ext2, msdos, and minix) "file systems drivers", for example can we say that the ...
-1
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1answer
308 views

What does it mean for an algorithm to be conservative? [closed]

Example: Minimum loss reduction required to make a further partition on a leaf node of the tree. The larger gamma is, the more conservative the algorithm will be.
2
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4answers
148 views

What is the name of DB design pattern which support only soft-deletes and soft-updates?

I heard that there is some DB design in relational databases where updating a record will create a new record with different timestamp or status. Also, deletion will be soft-delete (it updates the ...
106
votes
4answers
71k views

IPv4 to IPv6. where is IPv5?

As all of us know that after IPv4 it came IPv6. How this transition happened? I just want to know was there any IPv5 also? or there is any other logic in naming this version of IP as IPv6?
7
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5answers
36k views

What is the difference between a software process model and software engineering methods (methodology)?

I'm an academic guy, who is now venturing into the software engineering world, puzzled by the fact that many terms seem to overlap each other. I'm reading some books and cannot quite distinguish/...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

Terminology for time taken for a program to open [closed]

What do you call the time taken for a software to launch? Let's say a program or an associated file is clicked at t = t0 and the program loads open at t = t1. What is t1 - t0 called?
2
votes
2answers
155 views

What is the term for a client that does things on behalf of the server?

We are starting to have a few projects that have a design where a web server needs access to services/devices (think database connections and specialized hardware) that are on a local network. Instead ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

What was the distinction between module interface files and module implementation files before Oberon?

I'm reading the book "The Go Programming Language" and this sentence in the preface section "The Origins of Go" has me puzzled: One major stream of influence comes from languages by Niklaus Wirth, ...
3
votes
2answers
105 views

What is the term for the side on which a variable type is written in a given language?

In the case that a type is specified, it could be on the left (before) or the right (after) of the variable name. For example, C, C# and Java have the type specified before the variable: int num = 5;...
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1answer
5k views

What is the difference between Software Project Management Process and Software Development Process?

What is the difference between Software Project Management Process, and Software Development Process, or Software Life Cycle?
5
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6answers
636 views

Is there a programming term that means property or field?

I think this question can span multiple languages, but in C# specifically there is a clear distinction between a field (ex: private int a;) and a property (ex: private int b { get; set; }). While ...
15
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5answers
12k views

Difference between DevOps and Software Configuration Management

What is the difference between Development Operations and Software Configuration Management? For me it seems to be the same as long as both DevOps and Software Configuration Management are focused on:...
2
votes
2answers
387 views

As a scrum master, what am I to my team?

This is a question about terminology. If I say "I'm a developer, and the team I'm a part of does foo" then you'd understand my position. If I'm a scrum master (who is a scrum master for two teams), ...
0
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1answer
156 views

Is a GPL libary for MATLAB considered free software? [closed]

I would say no, because a MATLAB licence is required to run the software, but this point isn't completely clear to me. EDIT: This was a terminology question, not a request for legal advice.
3
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2answers
1k views

Terminology - Cache (Javascript)

I have watched a couple videos on JavaScript where the presenter mentioned "caching" a variable but I didn't see them do anything in the code that would "cache" it beyond normal assignments. When I ...
6
votes
4answers
779 views

What is the antonym to “legacy code”? [closed]

I am writing a software documentation and I need a antonym to "legacy code". Is there any established word for the antonym to "legacy code"? I'll need this antonym to describe that code which was ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Term for user interfaces using characters to create “keyboard navigating menus”: GUI or CLI?

Does anyone know a term for these kind of user interfaces? Some examples: old BIOS menu of PCs safeboot menu of windows other old MSDOS applications running on fullscreen using "keyboard navigating ...
17
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3answers
15k views

On a queue, which end is the “head”?

I had always thought that the "head" of a queue as the next element to be read, and never really questioned that usage. So a linked-list library I wrote, which is used for maintaining queues, codified ...