In machine learning, the perceptron is an algorithm for supervised classification of an input into one of several possible non-binary outputs. From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perceptron

In machine learning, the perceptron is an algorithm for supervised classification of an input into one of several possible non-binary outputs. It is a type of linear classifier, i.e. a classification algorithm that makes its predictions based on a linear predictor function combining a set of weights with the feature vector. The algorithm allows for online learning, in that it processes elements in the training set one at a time.

The perceptron algorithm was invented in 1957 at the Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory by Frank Rosenblatt.

From Wikipedia: Perceptron

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